Social Indicators Research

, Volume 142, Issue 1, pp 261–282 | Cite as

A Cross-National Study on the Antecedents of Work–Life Balance from the Fit and Balance Perspective

  • Jarrod M. Haar
  • Albert SuneEmail author
  • Marcello Russo
  • Ariane Ollier-Malaterre


Drawing on the perceived work–family fit and balance perspective, this study investigates demands and resources as antecedents of work–life balance (WLB) across four countries (New Zealand, France, Italy and Spain), so as to provide empirical cross-national evidence. Using structural equation modelling analysis on a sample of 870 full time employees, we found that work demands, hours worked and family demands were negatively related to WLB, while job autonomy and supervisor support were positively related to WLB. We also found evidence that resources (job autonomy and supervisor support) moderated the relationships between demands and work–life balance, with high resources consistently buffering any detrimental influence of demands on WLB. Furthermore, our study identified additional predictors of WLB that were unique to some national contexts. For example, in France and Italy, overtime hours worked were negatively associated with WLB, while parental status was positively associated with WLB. Overall, the implications for theory and practice are discussed.


Work–life balance Job autonomy Supervisor support Work demands Family demands Cross-national research 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors do not have any conflict of interests.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of BusinessAuckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of ManagementUniversitat Politecnica de Catalunya, ESEIAATTerrassaSpain
  3. 3.Department of ManagementUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  4. 4.KEDGE Business SchoolTalence Cedex, BordeauxFrance
  5. 5.School of Management (ESG)Université du Québec A Montréal (UQAM)MontrealCanada

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