Work–Family Conflict, Job Insecurity, and Health Outcomes Among US Workers
- 489 Downloads
Previous scholarship has highlighted how work–family conflict (work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict) and job insecurity interfere with health outcomes. Little work, however, considers how these stressors jointly influence health among workers. Informed by the stress process model, the current study examines whether job insecurity moderates the relationships between work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict and two health outcomes: self-reported physical health and poor mental health. The analyses also consider whether a greater moderating role is played by work-to-family conflict or family-to-work conflict. Using data from the 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce, we also examine if patterns diverge by gender. Our results show that work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict have direct effects on poor mental and physical health. Additionally, we find that the negative effect of work-to-family conflict on poor mental and physical health is stronger for those with job insecurity, while no such relationship was found for family-to-work conflict. We found no evidence of significant gender differences in how these relationships operate. Overall, we contribute to the literature by testing the combined effects of both forms of work–family conflict and job insecurity on poor mental and physical health. We also deepen the understanding of the stress process model by highlighting the salience of the anticipatory stressor of job insecurity.
KeywordsWork and family Job insecurity Work-to-family conflict Family-to-work conflict Work and health Stress process
- Batt, R., & Valcour, P. M. (2003). Human resources practices as predictors of work–family outcomes and employee turnover. Industrial Relations, 42, 189–220.Google Scholar
- Cooklin, A. R., Giallo, R., Strazdins, L., Martin, A., Leach, L. S., & Nicholson, J. M. (2015). What matters for working fathers? Job characteristics, work–family conflict and enrichment, and fathers’ postpartum mental health in an Australian cohort. Social Science and Medicine, 146, 214–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Crouter, A. C., & Booth, A. (2004). Work–family challenges for low-income parents and their children. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Elst, T. V., Näswall, K., Bernhard-Oettel, C., & De Witte, H. (2015). The effect of job insecurity on employee health complaints: A within-person analysis of the explanatory role of threats to the manifest and latent benefits of work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0039140.Google Scholar
- Families and Work Institute. (2008). National study of the changing workforce guide to public use files. New York, NY: Families and Work Institute.Google Scholar
- Grusky, D., Western, B., & Wimer, C. (2011). The consequences of the Great Recession. In D. Grusky, B. Western, & C. Wimer (Eds.), The Great Recession (pp. 3–21). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
- United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2009). Labor force characteristics by race and ethnicity, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/key_workplace/686.
- Voydanoff, P. (2007). Work, family, and community: Exploring interconnections. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Williams, J. (2001). Unbending gender: Why family and work conflict and what to do about it. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar