Experimental Investigation of Interference Between Adjacent Footings on Layered Cohesionless Soil

  • R. BoufarhEmail author
  • K. Abbeche
  • A. Abdi

In this study, an experimental investigation of the interference effect of two closely spaced strip footings resting on the surface of a layered sand deposit was conducted through a number of laboratory scaled model tests. The influence of the footing's length and spacing ratio and the thickness of the first layer on the efficiency factor were examined. The results are presented in terms of efficiency factors, and their variation was computed with respect to the change in the spacing ratio between the two footings. The results revealed that the efficiency factor depended significantly on the upper layer's thickness and strength.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. S. Vesic, "Analysis of ultimate loads of shallow foundations," J. Soil Mech.Found. Div., 99(1), 45-73 (1973).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Terzaghi, Theoretical Soil Mechanics, John Wiley & Son, New York and London (1943).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. G. Meyerhof, "Some recent research on the bearing capacity of foundations," Can. Geotech. J., 1(1), 16-26 (1963).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. B. Hansen, "A revised and extended formula for bearing capacity," Dan. Geotech. Inst. Bull, 28, 5-11 (1970).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Reissner, "Zum erddruckproblem," Proceedings of First International Congress of Applied Mechanics, Delft, 295-311 (1924).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Prandtl, "Hauptaufsatze: Uber die eindringungsfestigkeit plastischer baustoffe und die festigkeit von schneiden," J. Appl. Math. Mech., 1(1), 15-20 (1921).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Stuart, "Interference between foundations, with special reference to surface footings in sand," Geotechnique, 12(1), 15-22 (1962).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. West and J. Stuart, "Oblique loading resulting from interference between surface footings on sand," Proc. 6th Int. Conf. on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Montreal, 214-217 (1965).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Griffiths, G. A. Fenton, and N. Manoharan, "Undrained bearing capacity of two-strip footings on spatially random soil," Int. J. Geomech., 6(6), 421-427 (2006).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Kumar and P. Ghosh, "Upper bound limit analysis for finding interference effect of two nearby strip footings on sand," Geotech. Geol. Eng., 25(5), 499-507 (2007).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Ghazavi and A. A. Lavasan, "Interference effect of shallow foundations constructed on sand reinforced with geosynthetics," Geotext. Geomembr., 26(5), 404-415 (2008).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Kumar and M. K. Bhoi, "Interference of multiple strip footings on sand using small scale model tests," Geotech. Geol. Eng., 26(4), 469-477 (2008).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Lee and J. Eun, "Estimation of bearing capacity for multiple footings in sand," Comput. Geotech., 36(6), 1000-1008 (2009).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Mabrouki, D. Benmeddour, R. Frank, and M. Mellas, "Numerical study of the bearing capacity for two interfering strip footings on sands," Comput. Geotech., 37(4), 431-439 (2010).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Kumar and P. Bhattacharya, "Bearing capacity of interfering multiple strip footings by using lower bound finite elements limit analysis," Comput. Geotech., 37(5), 731-736 (2010).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. H. Javid, A. Fahimifar, and M. Imani, "Numerical investigation on the bearing capacity of two interfering strip footings resting on a rock mass," Comput. Geotech., 69514-528 (2015).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. G. Meyerhof, "Ultimate bearing capacity of footings on sand layer overlying clay," Can. Geotech. J., 11(2), 223-229 (1974).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Shiau, A. Lyamin, and S. Sloan, "Bearing capacity of a sand layer on clay by finite element limit analysis," Can. Geotech. J., 40(5), 900-915 (2003).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. L. Michalowski and L. Shi, "Bearing capacity of footings over two-layer foundation soils," J. Geotech. Eng., 121(5), 421-428 (1995).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Merifield, S. Sloan, and H. Yu, "Rigorous plasticity solutions for the bearing capacity of two-layered clays," Geotechnique, 49(4), 471-490 (1999).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. G. Meyerhof and A. Hanna, "Ultimate bearing capacity of foundations on layered soils under inclined load," Can. Geotech. J., 15(4), 565-572 (1978).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Hanna and G. Meyerhof, "Design charts for ultimate bearing capacity of foundations on sand overlying soft clay," Can. Geotech. J., 17(2), 300-303 (1980).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Griffiths, "Computation of bearing capacity on layered soils," Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Numerical Methods in Geomechanics, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 163-170 (1982).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    H. Burd and S. Frydman, "Bearing capacity of plane-strain footings on layered soils," Can. Geotech. J., 34(2), 241-253 (1997).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Ghosh and A. Sharma, "Interference effect of two nearby strip footings on layered soil: theory of elasticity approach," Acta. Geotech., 5(3), 189-198 (2010).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Ghosh, P. Basudhar, V. Srinivasan, and K. Kunal, "Experimental studies on interference of two angular footings resting on surface of two-layer cohesionless soil deposit," Int. J. Geotech. Eng., 9(4), 422-433 (2015).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    K. Ueno, K. Miura, and Y. Maeda, "Prediction of ultimate bearing capacity of surface footings with regard to size effects," Soils. Found., 38(3), 165-178 (1998).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    E. S. Reddy, S. Borzooei, and G. N. Reddy, "Interference between adjacent footings on sand," Int. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Stud., 1(4), 95-98 (2012).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    B. M. Das and S. Larbi-Cherif, "Bearing capacity of two closely-spaced shallow foundations on sand," Soils. Found., 23(1), 1-7 (1983).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    V. Srinivasan and P. Ghosh, "Experimental investigation on interaction problem of two nearby circular footings on layered cohesionless soil," Geomech. Geoeng., 8(2), 97-106 (2013).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of TechnologyUniversity of Batna2FesdisAlgeria

Personalised recommendations