, Volume 120, Issue 3, pp 1411–1426 | Cite as

The increasing dominance of science in the economy: Which nations are successful?

  • Ali GazniEmail author
  • Zahra Ghaseminik


We analyzed breakthrough patents that serve as the basis of emerging technological trajectories and paradigm over 25-years. The results showed that although technological fields have a different degree of dependency on science, the major part of the patents is now science-dependent. The results suggest that the relationship of science to economic growth has fundamentally changed. Over time, science-dependent innovations increasingly have dominated in the innovation-based economy; however, a large number of most productive countries in scientific research even with strong technological, and financial backing doesn’t have the motivation and ability to turn science to wealth-generating innovations.


Science-technology linkage Science impact Science policy Innovative science Economic value of science 


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Information Center for Science and TechnologyShirazIran
  2. 2.ISCShirazIran

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