Publications from university-affiliated anaesthesiology departments: a look at Belgium, France and the Netherlands from 2001 to 2015

  • Evelien CoolsEmail author
  • Julia Ausserer
  • Marc Van de Velde
  • Peter Hamm
  • Peter Paal


Publication performance of academic departments hints at research activity and attractiveness for employees. The aim of this retrospective bibliographic study was to compare publication performance of academic anaesthesiology departments in Belgium, France and the Netherlands. Outcome measures were number of publications, original articles and number of citations per department, number of publications per anaesthesiologist and per capita and average impact factor per department. Articles published by university-affiliated anaesthesiology departments between January 1, 2001 and December 31, 2015 were included. Articles were imported from Medline into the databank with “Perl-Scripts” and electronically linked to academic anaesthesiology departments according to the affiliation field of the corresponding author. Publication performance was assessed for the periods 2001–2005, 2006–2010, 2011–2015 and 2001–2015. From 2001 to 2015 in all three countries, the absolute numbers of articles increased (+ 110%), while the number of original research articles decreased (− 53%). Paris Diderot (Paris 7) booked the largest number of publications and achieved the highest average impact factor, while Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6) published the largest number of original articles and achieved the highest number of citations. Besançon had the highest average impact factor per article and the Netherlands the largest number of publications per capita. In Belgium, France and the Netherlands, the number of publications increased from 2001 to 2015. From 2001 to 2015 the number of publications increased, while the number of original articles decreased. France was seen to have the largest number of publications, while Belgium and the Netherlands had more publications per capita.


Anaesthesiology Publications Research University hospitals 



Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)


United Kingdom



We would like to thank Mary Margreiter for the language review.

Authors’ contributions

All authors have materially participated in the research and in article preparation. EC analysed and interpreted the data and was the major contributor in writing the manuscript. PH drew up the database. JA and MV checked the data and helped write the text. PP supervised the whole process and performed language editing. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Availability of data and materials

All data generated or analysed in this study are included in this published article (and its supplementary information files).

Supplementary material

11192_2019_3075_MOESM1_ESM.docx (26 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 25 kb)
11192_2019_3075_MOESM2_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 18 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnaesthesiologyHôpitaux Universitaires GenèveGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of AnaesthesiologyUniversity Hospitals LeuvenLouvainBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Cardiovascular SciencesKU LeuvenLouvainBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care MedicineMedical University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  5. 5.Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care MedicineHospitallers Brothers Hospital of St. JohnSalzburgAustria
  6. 6.Paracelsus Medical UniversitySalzburgAustria

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