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Exploring differences between novice and repeat entrepreneurs: does stress mediate the effects of work-and-family conflict on entrepreneurs’ satisfaction?


The mediating effect of stress on the relationship between work-and-family conflict and satisfaction is examined using data from 194 novice and 235 repeat entrepreneurs. The results show that work-influence-family conflict is associated with stress and satisfaction for all the entrepreneurs. Further, the results indicate that family-influence-work conflict is related to stress for all the entrepreneurs and is associated with satisfaction for the repeat entrepreneurs; but not for the novice entrepreneurs. The results also indicate that stress mediates the effects of work-and-family conflict for both novice and repeat entrepreneurs and that stress has a stronger mediation effect for novice than for repeat entrepreneurs. These findings provide new insights into how work-and-family conflict relates differently to entrepreneurs’ satisfaction, depending on the direction of the conflict and type of entrepreneur; and how stress mediates the effects of work-and-family conflict differently for novice and repeat entrepreneurs. Consequently, these findings advance the literature on differences and similarities among entrepreneurs.

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  1. 1.

    When the phrase work-and-and-family conflict is used in the text, it refers to both WFC and FWC. It is worth noticing because in several published studies it is unclear whether the study is an examination of WFC, WFC, or both.


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The author would like to thank Maw-Der Foo, Timothy P. Munyon, Pankaj C. Patel, Krittaya Sangboon, and Kelly G. Shaver for their encouragement and constructive comments on earlier versions of the manuscript.

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Schjoedt, L. Exploring differences between novice and repeat entrepreneurs: does stress mediate the effects of work-and-family conflict on entrepreneurs’ satisfaction?. Small Bus Econ (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-019-00289-9

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  • Entrepreneurship
  • Novice entrepreneurs
  • Repeat entrepreneurs
  • Work-family conflict
  • Job stress
  • Job satisfaction

JEL classification

  • L26
  • J28