Russian Physics Journal

, Volume 61, Issue 6, pp 1062–1069 | Cite as

The Influence of Warm abc-Pressing on the Structure and Mechanical Properties of Stable Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum Steel

  • E. G. AstafurovaEmail author
  • S. V. Astafurov
  • I. V. Ratochka
  • I. P. Mishin
  • O. N. Lykova
  • G. G. Maier
  • E. V. Melnikov
  • V. A. Moskvina

The structure and properties of the 17Cr13Ni3Mo0.01C stable austenitic steel subjected to high-temperature plastic deformation by the abc-pressing (multiaxial forging) are investigated in the temperature range from 800 to 600°С. The results of investigations demonstrate that after the abc-pressing the steel has a single-phase austenitic ultrafine-grained structure with the size of its elements (grains and subgrains) of (200 ± 140) nm. The formation of the ultrafine-grained state increases the strength properties (0.2 proof stress increases threefold) and decreases the elongation value of the steel at room temperature compared to the coarse-grained specimens. An analysis of the contributions from hardening during abc-pressing evidences in favor of the strength improvement being primarily due to the grain refinement; it is well described by the Hall–Petch relationship. In this case steel with ultrafine-grained austenitic structure exhibits an effect of structural superplasticity at the temperatures T > 750°С: the elongation value at Т = 800°С is found to be 180%.


austenitic stainless steel abc-pressing ultrafine-grained structure strength properties tension 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. G. Astafurova
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. V. Astafurov
    • 1
  • I. V. Ratochka
    • 1
  • I. P. Mishin
    • 1
  • O. N. Lykova
    • 1
  • G. G. Maier
    • 1
  • E. V. Melnikov
    • 1
  • V. A. Moskvina
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesTomskRussia
  2. 2.National Research Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityTomskRussia

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