Synthesis and pharmacological activity of a silicon—zinc—boron-containing glycerohydrogel
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A new pharmacologically active nanostructured silicon—zinc—boron-containing glycerohydrogel was synthesized by the sol—gel method using silicon, zinc, and boron glycerolates as biocompatible precursors. The hydrogel composition and structural features were investigated by transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, atomic emission spectrometry, and elemental analysis; a structural model was proposed. It was found that the 3D framework of the gel is formed by the products of hydrolysis and subsequent (co)condensation of silicon- and boron-containing precursors. Meanwhile, the major part of zinc monoglycerolate does not undergo hydrolytic transformations during gelation, being present in the 3D framework cells as amorphous nano-sized particles. The dispersion medium of the gel is an aqueous glycerol solution of silicon and boron glycerolates, products of their hydrolytic transformations, and water-soluble products of hydrolytic transformations of zinc monoglycerolate. The silicon—zinc—boron gel is nontoxic and possesses wound-healing and antimicrobial activities; it can be considered as a nanostructured dispersed system promising for biomedical applications, which is prepared in a simple and cost-effective way without using catalysts or toxic organic solvents.
Key wordssilicon glycerolates zinc monoglycerolates boron bis-glycerolates biocompatible precursors sol—gel synthesis silicon—zinc—boron glycerohydrogel nanostructured dispersion system wound-healing and antimicrobial activities
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