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Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 67, Issue 12, pp 2275–2281 | Cite as

Impregnated type sorbents based on benzo-15-crown-5 for gold(III) extraction from hydrochloric solutions

  • A. A. Vydysh
  • I. I. DovhyiEmail author
  • N. A. Bezhin
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Abstract

A series of sorbents based on benzo-15-crown-5, various supports (styrene-divinylbenzene LPS-500, hydrophobized silica gel), and diluents (octan-1-ol, nitrobenzene, 1,1,7-trihydrododecafluoroheptanol (FHA), ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide (С4mim+Tf2N-)) and without diluents was obtained. The sorbents without diluents with the benzo-15-crown-5 content 20–30% have the maximum sorption characteristics (recovery of gold higher than 90%). The influence of the diluent and support nature, procedure of support pretreatment, impregnation time and temperature, and the solvent for impregnation on the sorption characteristics was studied. The maximum sorption characteristics were found for the sorbents based on the styrene-divinylbenzene support LPS-500. A high selectivity of the obtained sorbents toward gold was established, and the recovery of gold higher than 95% was achieved by the optimization of the synthesis procedure of the sorbents.

Key words

sorbents sorption benzo-15-crown-5 gold supports diluents solvents 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine Hydrophysical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSevastopolRussian Federation
  2. 2.Sevastopol State UniversitySevastopolRussian Federation

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