Advertisement

Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 67, Issue 10, pp 1831–1837 | Cite as

Phase state diagram of a poly(amic acid)–solvent–nonsolvent system

  • A. A. Shcherbina
  • V. K. Gerasimov
  • T. P. Semenov
  • A. E. Chalykh
Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Phase behavior and structure formation was studied using optical interferometry, nephelometry, and refractometry in the polymer–solvent–nonsolvent system for DMF solutions of two poly(amic acids): based on 3,3′,4,4′-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid dianhydride and meta-phenylenediamine (PAA-1) and pyromellitic acid dianhydride and 4,4′-oxydianiline (PAA-2). Distilled water and its mixtures with DMF were used as a nonsolvent. According to the results of the study, isothermal cross sections of the phase state diagram in the threecomponent system were plotted, the position of the critical point, the spinodal, and the conodes were determined, the movement of the figurative points in the system was traced depending on the nonsolvent composition.

Key words

phase state diagram phase separation nonsolvent polymer solutions poly-(amic acid) 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. E. Nesterov, Yu. S. Lipatov, Termodinamika rastvorov i smesey polimerov [Thermodynamics of Solutions and Mixtures of Polymers], Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1984, 300 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. A. Vshivkov, Metody issledovaniya fazovogo ravnovesiya rastvorov polimerov [Methods for Studying the Phase Equilibrium of Polymer Solutions], Izd-vo Ural´skogo Gos. Un-ta, Sverdlovsk, 1991, 100 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Advances in Chemistry Series, Vol. 99, Multicomponent Polymer Systems, Ed. R. F. Gould, ACS, Washington, D. C., 1971.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. I. Klenin, Termodinamika sistem s gibkotsepnymi polimerami [Thermodynamics of Systems with Flexible Chain Polymers], Izd-vo Sarat. Gos. Un-ta, Saratov, 1995, 736 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. E. Chalykh, V. K. Gerasimov, Yu. M. Mikhaylov, Diagrammy fazovogo sostoyaniya polimernykh sistem [Phase State Diagrams of Polymer Systems], Yanus, Moscow, 1998, 216 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. I. Winey, M. L. Berba, M. E. Galvin, Macromolecules, 1996, 29, 2868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Koningsveld, W. H. Stockmayer, E. Nies, Polymer Phase Diagrams: a Textbook, Oxford University Press, USA, 2001, 341 pp.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. W. Kuo, C. L. Lin, F. C. Chang, Macromolecules, 2002, 35,278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. L. Veatch, S. L. Keller, Phys. Rev. Lett., 2005, 94, 148101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. Rezabeigi, P. M. Wood-Adams, R. A. L. Drew, Polymer, 2014, 55, 3100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y. Yamashita, M. Yanagisawa, M. Tokita, J. Mol. Liq., 2014, 200,47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. E. Chalykh, V. K. Gerasimov, G. E. Kudryakova, O. V. Stoyanov, Vestnik Tekhnologicheskogo Universiteta [Tech. Univ. Lett.], 2015, 18, No. 16, 55 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. E. Chalykh, V. L. Gerasimov, A. V. Mironov, S. A. Kuptsov, N. R. Kil´deeva, Polym. Sci. Ser. A, 2012, 54,282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. H. Bilal, H. Hussain, M. Prehm, U. Baumeister, A. Meister, G. Hause, K. Busse, K. Mäder, J. Kressler, Eur. Polym. J., 2017, 91,162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    O. I. Nachinkin, Polimernye mikrofil´try [Polymer Microfilters], Khimiya, Moscow, 1985, 216 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. E. Perepelkin, Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy protsessov formovaniya khimicheskikh volokon [Physico-chemical Basics of the Processes of Formation of Chemical Fibers], Khimiya, Moscow, 1978, 320 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. C. Pesek, W. J. Koros, J. Membrane Sci., 1994, 88,1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Rajabzadeh, T. Maruyama, T. Sotani, H. Matsuyama, Sep. Purif. Technol., 2008, 63,415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. E. Chalykh, A. I. Zagaytov, V. V. Gromov, D. P. Korotchenko, Opticheskiy diffuziometr "ODA-2". Metodicheskoe posobie [ODA-2 Optical Diffusion Meter. Methodical Manual], Izd-vo Instituta Fiz. Khimii RAN, Moscow, 1996, 36 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. K. Gerasimov, A. E. Chalykh, Vysokomolekulyar. Soyedin. Ser. B [Polym. Sci. USSR, Ser. B], 1987, 29, 234 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Kh. Karapet´yants, Khimicheskaya termodinamika [Chemical Thermodynamics], Nauka, Moscow–Leningrad, 1953, 363 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. A. Tager, Fiziko-khimiya polimerov [Physical Chemistry of Polymers], 4th ed., Nauchnyi mir, Moscow, 2007, 576 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. S. Palatnik, A. I. Landau, Fazovye ravnovesiya v mnogokomponentnykh sistemakh [Phase Equilibria in Multicomponent Systems], Izd-vo Khark. Gos. Un-ta, Kharkov, 1961, 64 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. K. Gerasimov, Ph. D. Thesis (Chem), Institute of Physical Chemistry of RAS, Moscow, 1996, 119 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. H. Hildebrand, Solubility of Non-electrolytes, Dover Publication, Inc., New York, 1936.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Shcherbina
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. K. Gerasimov
    • 1
  • T. P. Semenov
    • 1
  • A. E. Chalykh
    • 1
  1. 1.A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and ElectrochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation
  2. 2.D. I. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of RussiaMoscowRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations