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Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 67, Issue 10, pp 1803–1806 | Cite as

Comparative activity of aqueous dispersions of CdS nanocrystals stabilized by cationic and anionic polyelectrolytes in photocatalytic hydrogen production from water

  • Yu. A. Kabachii
  • S. Yu. Kochev
  • M. K. Alenichev
  • O. Yu. Antonova
  • A. Yu. Sadagov
  • P. M. Valetskii
  • V. A. Nadtochenko
Article
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

The results of a study on the photocatalytic activity of aqueous dispersions of Ni-doped CdS nanocrystals (NCs) covered with an amphiphilic polyelectrolyte (PE) shell, i.e., a polycation (NC-PC) or polyanion (NC-PA), are presented for the first time. The H2 evolution rate measured under identical conditions served as a measure of activity. The NC-PC and NC-PA samples were characterized by similar PE content (~40%) and monomodal size distribution. According to our calculations based on the NC dimensions and lattice parameters, about one macromolecule of the PE is required to stabilize one NC. The average hydrodynamic diameter of the NC-PC was found to be 1.5 times larger than that of the NC-PA due to the difference between their chemical structures and different abilities of ionogenic groups to dissociate. The photocatal ytic activity of the PE-stabilized CdS nanocrystals was significantly influenced by the type of the PE, while the H2 evolution rate depended on the reducing medium used during the process. When the medium contained Na2S or when the PE-stabilized NCs were pretreated with Na2S, the effect of the shell type was more pronounced and the activity of NC-PA was 2 to 14 times higher than that of NC-PC.

Key words

photocatalysis hydrogen evolution reactions nanocrystals cadmium sulfide polyelectrolytes nickel 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. A. Kabachii
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Yu. Kochev
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. K. Alenichev
    • 3
  • O. Yu. Antonova
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Yu. Sadagov
    • 3
  • P. M. Valetskii
    • 1
  • V. A. Nadtochenko
    • 2
  1. 1.A. N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement CompoundsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation
  2. 2.N. N. Semenov Institute of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation
  3. 3.The All-Russian Research Institute for Optical and Physical MeasurementsMoscowRussian Federation

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