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Exploring removal of formaldehyde at room temperature over Cr- and Zn-modified Co3O4 catalyst prepared by hydrothermal method

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Abstract

The metal-modified Co3O4 sample (metal: Zn or Cr, Zn and Cr) was prepared through hydrothermal approach, and applied in low concentration of HCHO removal under room temperature. The Cr/Zn/Co3O4 exhibited the best formaldehyde removal activity and stability. The effect of dopants on the physicochemical properties of the Co3O4 samples was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman, N2 adsorption–desorption, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric (TG-DTG) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, resulting that the Cr/Zn/Co3O4 sample possessed the optimal specific surface area (177.53 m2/g, 3.4 times that of pure Co3O4). Meanwhile, Cr and Zn incorporated into Co3O4 lattice simultaneously and promoted the formation of defects, which is the prerequisite for increasing the reactive oxygen species of Cr/Zn/Co3O4. In addition, Cr6+/Cr3+ ion pairs in the sample could be an important role in the removal of formaldehyde. It is concluded that the ideal HCHO removal performance and stability of Cr/Zn/Co3O4 were associated with its high vacancy oxygen content, excellent specific surface area and the promotion of Cr6+/Cr3+ ion pairs.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by Innovation Project of Guangxi Graduate Education (YCSW2018090); Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 21467002); and Key Laboratory of Ecology Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection (Guangxi Normal University), Ministry of Education, China (Grant Numbers ERESEP2017Z05).

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Correspondence to Mianwu Meng.

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Xie, J., Meng, M., Lin, Z. et al. Exploring removal of formaldehyde at room temperature over Cr- and Zn-modified Co3O4 catalyst prepared by hydrothermal method. Res Chem Intermed 46, 1789–1804 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-019-04063-0

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Keywords

  • Formaldehyde removal
  • Metal-modified
  • Mesoporous material
  • Co3O4