Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 215–230 | Cite as

A convenient approach directly from triglycerides toward the producing of thia-wax esters as bio- and chemical raw materials

  • Ayhan YıldırımEmail author
  • Kaan Kıraylar
  • Serkan Öztürk


Practical and efficient method has been developed for the preparation of novel sulfur-containing esters from triglycerides as potential important industrial and biomaterials. The fact that these unusual compounds are not found in natural sources encourages both academic and industrial communities for their preparation with suitable chemical or enzymatic processes. In general, enzymatic processes requiring more laborious synthesis and product isolation stages. On the other hand, known chemical methods for the preparation of normal wax esters have several drawbacks cited in the present work. Therefore, the chemical method developed in the present study is environmentally benign and suitable for both small- and large-scale syntheses of normal and unusual wax esters. For this purpose, triglycerides were taken to the transesterification reaction in a solvent-free medium with synthetic thia-long-chain alcohols at a ratio of (1:3). In order to catalyze the reaction, newly synthesized bis-imidazole-based metal-free acidic ionic liquid was used and the thia-mono esters were obtained in a fairly short period of time (6 h) with good to excellent yields. The catalyst reuse and large-scale synthesis studies were also carried out.

Graphic abstract


Straight-chain thia-esters Renewable feedstocks Biomaterials Catalysis 



This work was financially supported by the Bursa Uludağ University Scientific Research Projects Unit (OUAP(F)-2018/3).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare to have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11164_2019_3944_MOESM1_ESM.docx (13.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 13463 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryBursa Uluda UniversityBursaTurkey

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