Graphene oxide supported dicationic ionic liquid: an efficient catalyst for the synthesis of 1-carbamatoalkyl-2-naphthols

  • Nipun Patel
  • Deepak Katheriya
  • Harsh Dadhania
  • Abhishek DadhaniaEmail author


This article describes the synthesis, characterization, and catalytic application of graphene oxide (GO) supported imidazolium based dicationic ionic liquid (DIL@GO). The DIL@GO was successfully synthesized through stepwise functionalization of GO. The as prepared DIL@GO was characterized by different microscopic and spectroscopic techniques such as XRD, SEM, TEM, TGA, FT-IR, EDX and CHNS analysis. The catalytic efficiency of the DIL@GO was explored for the synthesis of 1-carbamatoalkyl-2-naphthol derivatives through condensation of aromatic aldehydes, alkyl carbamates and 2-naphthol. The influence of catalyst amount and reaction temperature is examined to optimize the performance of catalytic reactions. It is found that DIL@GO offers a highly efficient solvent-free reaction path for the synthesis of 1-carbamatoalkyl-2-naphthols. Based on this, a plausible mechanism for the conversion is proposed. Additionally, the catalyst showed good stability, facile separation and reusability up to five reaction cycles without significant loss of catalytic activity.


Graphene oxide Dicationic ionic liquid Heterogeneous catalyst Solvent free 



The authors are grateful to the authorities of Charotar University of Science and Technology (CHARUSAT), Changa for providing necessary research facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.P. D. Patel Institute of Applied SciencesCharotar University of Science and Technology (CHARUSAT)ChangaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySardar Patel UniversityVallabh VidyanagarIndia

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