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Green and convenient protocols for the efficient reduction of nitriles and nitro compounds to corresponding amines with NaBH4 in water catalyzed by magnetically retrievable CuFe2O4 nanoparticles

  • Behzad Zeynizadeh
  • Farkhondeh Mohammad Aminzadeh
  • Hossein MousaviEmail author
Article
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Abstract

In this study, firstly, CuFe2O4 nanoparticles were prepared by a simple operation. The structure of the mentioned nanoparticles was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry, vibrating sample magnetometer and also Brunauer–Emmett–Teller and Barrett–Joyner–Halenda analyses. The prepared magnetically copper ferrite nanocomposite was successfully applied as a simple, cost-effective, practicable, and recoverable catalyst on the green, highly efficient, fast, base-free, and ligand-free reduction of nitriles and also on the affordable and eco-friendly reduction of nitro compounds with the broad substrate scope to the corresponding amines with NaBH4 in water at reflux in high to excellent yields.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

CuFe2O4 Nanocatalyst Reduction of nitrile and nitro Amine NaBH4 Water Green chemistry 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are thankful to the research council of Urmia University for the partial support of this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran

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