Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 2963–2979 | Cite as

Uniform copper nanoparticles as an inexpensive and efficient catalyst for synthesis of novel β-carbonyl-1, 2, 3-triazoles in water medium

  • Hadi Esmaeili-Shahri
  • Hossein EshghiEmail author
  • Jalil Lari
  • Seyyed Amin Rounaghi
  • Effat Esmaeili-Shahri


Copper nanoparticles as an efficient, inexpensive catalyst were prepared via ball milling for synthesis of β-carbonyl 1, 2, 3-triazoles from azido alcohol by click reaction in water. An extensive range of raw materials such as sodium azide, phenacyl bromide, epichlorohydrin, and terminal alkynes were used. Complete reduction of CuO in presence of NaBH4 was done via ball milling with a ball-to-powder weight ratio of 50:1 under air atmosphere at room temperature. The final copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) were characterized by SEM, EDX, XRD and FT-IR. The Cu NPs catalyzed one-pot three component synthesis of β-carbonyl 1, 2, 3-triazoles at room temperature with short reaction time and high product yields. The catalyst could be easily recovered and reused in several successive runs.


Click chemistry Copper nanoparticles β-carbonyl-1, 2, 3-triazoles Green solvent 



The authors are thankful to the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad and Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Payame Noor University.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 7011 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of SciencePayame Noor UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran
  3. 3.Department of Materials EngineeringBirjand University of TechnologyBirjandIran

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