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Enhancement of photocatalytic activity and regeneration of Fe-doped TiO2 (Ti1−xFexO2) nanocrystalline particles synthesized using inexpensive TiO2 precursor

  • Sudhakar Saroj
  • Laxman Singh
  • Rajiv Ranjan
  • Satya Vir SinghEmail author
Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

Fe-doped TiO2, Ti1−xFexO2 (x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07, and 0.09) photocatalysts with enhanced activity were synthesized via a citric-acid-assisted autocombustion method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The photocatalytic activity of the synthesized Fe-doped TiO2 materials was evaluated using photodegradation of synthetic dye solution (Direct Blue 199) in photochemical and open pan reactors. Among the synthesized Fe-doped photocatalysts, Ti0.95Fe0.05O2 showed the highest photodegradation activity. This Fe-doped TiO2 photocatalyst was regenerated five times and its photocatalytic activity investigated.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

TiO2 Regeneration Photocatalysts Direct Blue 199 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There are no conflicts of interest to declare.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudhakar Saroj
    • 1
  • Laxman Singh
    • 2
  • Rajiv Ranjan
    • 1
  • Satya Vir Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (BHU) VaranasiVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryR.R.S. CollegeMokama, PatnaIndia

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