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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 845–862 | Cite as

Structure–property relationships of novel fluorinated polycarbonate polyurethane films with high transparency and thermal stability

  • Yiliang Wang
  • Jiemin Yi
  • Xiaohong PengEmail author
  • Xiaofeng Ma
  • Shuangshuang Peng
Article
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Novel polycarbonate diol (PCDL) was synthesized using dimethyl carbonate, 1,5-pentanediol (1,5-PD), 1,6-hexanediol (1,6-HD) and 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol (1,4-CD) by a two-step method. Fluorinated thermoplastic polycarbonate polyurethanes (FPCUs) have been synthesized with novel PCDL as the soft segment and 3-isocyanatomethyl-3,5,5-trimethylcyclohexyl isocyanate and compound chain extenders [1,4-butanediol (BDO), 1,2-propanediol (PG) and 2,2-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) hexafluoropropane (BPAF)] as the hard segment. A series of FPCU films was prepared and investigated to elucidate the effect of the different chain extenders on the structure and properties. Morphological, optical performance, thermostability and mechanical properties of FPCU films have been studied by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry, wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WXRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), UV–visible (UV–Vis) spectrometry, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and mechanical tests. As the increase of the fluorine chain content, the increase of immiscibility between soft and hard microdomains has been obtained from the FTIR, AFM and WXRD measurements. UV–Vis tests showed that the transmittance of FPCU films decreased with the increase of crystallization, which resulted in superior mechanical properties such as higher tensile stress and tear strength. TGA tests indicated that the thermal stability of FPCU films was improved significantly with the introduction of BPAF.

Keywords

Polycarbonate diol Fluorinated polycarbonate polyurethanes Transparency Thermal stability Microphase separation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is financially supported by the University-Industry Cooperation Project of Dongguan (Grant No. 2013509117202).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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