Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 633–644 | Cite as

Preparation of Al-magadiite material, copper ions exchange and effect of counter-ions: antibacterial and antifungal applications

  • Mehdi Zahraoui
  • Adel MokhtarEmail author
  • Mehdi Adjdir
  • Farid Bennabi
  • Rahmani Khaled
  • Amal Djelad
  • Abdelkader Bengueddach
  • Mohamed Sassi


In this work, the Al-magadiite is synthesized by the hydrothermal method. It is then used to prepare three copper exchanged materials using copper nitrate, copper chloride, and copper sulfate salts. The materials obtained were characterized and applied as antibacterial and antifungal agents against pathogen strains. The characterization methods showed the presence of four coordinated aluminum atoms in the magadiite framework. The presence of aluminum leads to the total exchange of interlayer sodium cations. Otherwise, the copper exchange rate is influenced by the nature of the counter-ion used. Indeed, the exchanged rate increased in the sense of copper nitrate > copper chloride > copper sulfate. The chemical analysis shows that the ion exchange of Al-magadiite with copper salts is accompanied with dehydration of Cu-exchanged materials. This result was confirmed by XRD diffraction, chemical analysis, and FTIR spectroscopy. This dehydration depends on the nature of the counter ion increase also in the sense of copper nitrate > copper chloride > copper sulfate. Tested as antibacterial and antifungal materials against pathogens strains, all the copper exchanged materials exhibited a good antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria which increased with increasing the copper content of a sample. The best activity was observed in the exchanged sample prepared from copper nitrate. However, a low or no activity is observed against Gram-negative bacteria.


Al-magadiite Copper II Counter-ions Ion-exchange Layer silicates Antibacterial activity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie des Matériaux (LCM), Faculté des Sciences Exactes et AppliquéesUniversité Oran1OranAlgeria
  2. 2.Département de sciences techniquesCentre universitaire Ahmed Zabana de RelizaneRelizaneAlgeria
  3. 3.Institute of Functional Interfaces SectionKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, KarlsruheGermany
  4. 4.Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquée LACCCentre universitaire Ain TemouchentAin TemouchentAlgeria
  5. 5.Laboratoire Ecodéveloppement des espacesUniversity of Sidi Bel Abbès, Djillali LiabesSidi Bel AbbèsAlgeria

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