Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 315–332 | Cite as

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyactic acid herbicide removal from water using chitosan

  • Alécio R. NunesEmail author
  • Kelly R. O. Araújo
  • Aline O. Moura


Chitosan has been applied in the removal of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicide from water because the herbicide is a toxic contaminant. The support was characterized by the NMR technique, and adsorption isotherms was used to study its surface area. The series of adsorption isotherms were adjusted to a modified Langmuir equation. The maximum number of moles of adsorbed 2,4-D was 4.02 103 mol per gram of chitosan. The ∆H values for the interaction were determined as − 1.4 kJ mol −1 for 2,4-D. All interaction processes were spontaneous and were accompanied by an increase in entropy. The technique of chromatography and electrochemistry was used to determine the amount of non-adsorbed herbicide in the solution, showing useful and satisfactory techniques in the adsorption study.


Adsorption Water Chitosan Herbicides 



Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano - Campus Iporá; Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)


This study was sponsored by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEG; grant no. 201410267000634).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alécio R. Nunes
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kelly R. O. Araújo
    • 2
    • 3
  • Aline O. Moura
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto Federal de EducaçãoCiência e Tecnologia Goiano (IF Goiano)IporáBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)GoiâniaBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto Federal de EducaçãoCiência e Tecnologia de Goiás (IF Goiás)Águas LindasBrazil
  4. 4.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade de Brasília (UnB)BrasíliaBrazil

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