Effect of surfactants on phase, crystal growth and photocatalysis of calcium stannate synthesized by cyclic microwave and calcination combination
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Calcium stannate (CaSnO3) was successfully synthesized in the solutions containing different surfactants by cyclic microwave and calcination combination. Phase, morphology and vibration mode were characterized by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Growth mechanism of the products was also explained according to the analytical results. Their photocatalytic activities were tested through methylene blue (MB) degradation induced by UV radiation. In the MB solution with pH 6, the S-CTAB product showed the highest decolorization efficiency of 89.1% and the highest rate constant of 4.374 × 10−3 min−1.
KeywordsCaSnO3 Cyclic microwave–calcination combination Photocatalysis
We wish to thank Chiang Mai Rajabhat University, and Prince of Songkla University, Thailand for providing financial support the research, and Center of Excellence in Materials Science and Technology, Chiang Mai University for financial support under the administration of the Materials Science Research Center, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Thailand.
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