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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 5787–5799 | Cite as

β-Enaminones over recyclable nano-CoFe2O4: a highly efficient solvent-free green protocol

  • Esmaiel Eidi
  • Mohamad Z. Kassaee
  • Peter T. Cummings
Article

Abstract

β-Enaminone and its derivatives have emerged among the finest bioactive intermediates. High yields of several β-enaminones (86–97%) are achieved through treatment of substituted aromatic and aliphatic amines with cyclic/acyclic 1,3-diketones, over the magnetically separable cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (CoFe2O4 NPs). The latter was prepared upon co-precipitation. Its purity, fine crystallinity, elemental distributions, morphology, magnetic features, and thermal stability were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and thermal gravimetric analysis analyses. Thus, CoFe2O4 NPs acted as an excellent green heterogeneous nanocatalyst for synthesis of β-enaminones and gave good recyclability, while showing insignificant loss of their activity.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Magnetic nanocatalyst Cobalt ferrite Bimetallic oxide Synthons β-Enaminones 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11164_2018_3454_MOESM1_ESM.docx (979 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 978 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esmaiel Eidi
    • 1
  • Mohamad Z. Kassaee
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter T. Cummings
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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