Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 5697–5709 | Cite as

Design and preparation of high-aspect-ratio zinc borate whiskers and their effects on mechanical properties of PP nanocomposite

  • Xin Liu
  • Li Dang
  • Xueying Nai
  • Yaping Dong
  • Wu LiEmail author


Well-dispersed, high-aspect-ratio 4ZnO·B2O3·H2O whiskers (4ZnO·B2O3·H2OHARw) were synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method with the aid of ZnSO4·7H2O. The formation mechanism was investigated, and the results showed that Zn2+ and SO 4 2− ions played a crucial role in the control of 4ZnO·B2O3·H2OHARw extended along [010] direction. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and thermogravimetry (TG)-differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results confirmed that the powder was 4ZnO·B2O3·H2O. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and TEM showed that the average aspect ratio of the product was about 100. Nanocomposites of surface-modified 4ZnO·B2O3·H2OSM-HARw/PP were prepared and their mechanical properties measured. The results suggested that the mechanical properties of 4ZnO·B2O3·H2OSM-HARw/PP composites were superior to composites made with low-aspect-ratio whiskers (4ZnO·B2O3·H2OSM-LARw), which displayed poorer mechanical properties even at low addition.


Hydrothermal Crystal growth Borates High aspect ratio 



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 51402323) and West Light Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (no. 2018314).

Supplementary material

11164_2018_3450_MOESM1_ESM.docx (10.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 10778 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Li Dang
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xueying Nai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yaping Dong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wu Li
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Comprehensive and Highly Efficient Utilization of Salt Lake Resources, Qinghai Institute of Salt LakesChinese Academy of SciencesXiningPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Qinghai Engineering and Technology Research Center of Comprehensive Utilization of Salt Lake ResourcesXiningPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Salt Lake Resources Chemistry of Qinghai ProvinceXiningPeople’s Republic of China

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