Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 431–446 | Cite as

A review: microbiologically influenced corrosion and the effect of cathodic polarization on typical bacteria

  • Meiying Lv
  • Min DuEmail author
review paper


Microbiologically influenced corrosion is a serious type of corrosion as approximately 20% of the total economic losses. Sulfate reducing bacteria and Iron oxidizing bacteria are one of the typical representatives of the anaerobic and aerobic bacteria, which are ubiquitous in natural environments and corrode steel structures. Cathodic polarization has been recognized as an effective method for preventing steels from microbial corrosion. Although cathodic polarization method has been widely studied, the specific properties of cathodic current that influences the bacterial removal and inactivation remained largely unclear. This review is to show the main effects of Sulfate reducing bacteria and Iron oxidizing bacteria on metal decay as well as the inhibition mechanism of cathodic polarization in the study of bio-corrosion.


Microbiologically influenced corrosion Sulfate reducing bacteria Iron oxidizing bacteria Biofilm Cathodic polarization 



This study was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41576076).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. Abbas FMA, Bhola R, Spear JR, Olson DL, Mishra B (2013) Electrochemical characterization of microbiologically influenced corrosion on linepipe steel exposed to facultative anaerobic desulfovibrio sp. Int J Electrochem Sci 8:859–871Google Scholar
  2. Agwa OK, Iyalla D, Abu GO (2017) Inhibition of bio corrosion of steel coupon by Sulphate reducing bacteria and Iron oxidizing bacteria using Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis) extracts. J Appl Sci Environ Manage 21:833–838Google Scholar
  3. Alabbas FM, Williamson C, Bhola SM, Spear JR, Olson DL, Mishra B et al (2013) Influence of sulfate reducing bacterial biofilm on corrosion behavior of low-alloy, high-strength steel (API-5L X80). Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 78:34–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. An CJ, He YL, Huang GH, Yang SC (2010) Degradation of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3, 5-triazine (RDX) by anaerobic mesophilic granular sludge from a UASB reactor. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 85:831–838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ashassi-Sorkhabi H, Moradi-Haghighi M, Zarrini G, Javaherdashti R (2012) Corrosion behavior of carbon steel in the presence of two novel iron-oxidizing bacteria isolated from sewage treatment plants. Biodegradation 23:69–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Babić R, Metikoš-Huković M (1993) Oxygen reduction on stainless steel. J Appl Electrochem 23:352–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beech IB, Sunner J (2004) Biocorrosion: towards understanding interactions between biofilms and metals. Curr Opin Biotechnol 15:181–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Boopathy R, Daniels L (1991) Effect of pH on anaerobic mild steel corrosion by methanogenic bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 57:2104–2108Google Scholar
  9. Borden AJVD, Mei HCVD, Busscher HJ (2004) Electric-current-induced detachment of staphylococcus epidermidis strains from surgical stainless steel. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 68B:160–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bos R, Mei HCVD, Busscher HJ (1999) Physico-chemistry of initial microbial adhesion interactions-its mechanisms and methods for study. FEMS Microbiol Rev 23:179–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Busalmen JP, de Sanchez SR (2001) Adhesion of pseudomonas fluorescens (ATCC 17552) to nonpolarized and polarized thin films of gold. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:3188–3194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Busscher HJ, Weerkamp AH (1987) Specific and non-specific interactions in bacterial adhesion to solid substrata. FEMS Microbiol Lett 46:165–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Castaneda H, Benetton XD (2008) Srb-biofilm influence in active corrosion sites formed at the steel-electrolyte interface when exposed to artificial seawater conditions. Corros Sci 50:1169–1183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chen X, Wang G, Gao F, Wang Y, He C (2015) Effects of sulphate-reducing bacteria on crevice corrosion in X70 pipeline steel under disbonded coatings. Corros Sci 101:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Chitra S, Anand B, Vaidiyanathan R, Balasubramanian V (2014) A review on microbial mediated corrosion on mild steel by inactivating the extracellular polysaccharide secreted by aerobic/anaerobic microorganism. Chem Sci Rev Lett 3:56–62Google Scholar
  16. Chongdar S, Gunasekaran G, Kumar P (2005) Corrosion inhibition of mild steel by aerobic biofilm. Electrochim Acta 50:4655–4665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Christodoulou C, Glass G, Webb J, Austin S, Goodier C (2010) Assessing the long term benefits of impressed current cathodic protection. Corros Sci 52:2671–2679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Costello JA (1974) Cathodic depolarization by sulphate-reducing bacteria. South African J Sci 70:202–204Google Scholar
  19. Costerton JW, Lewandowski Z, Caldwell DE, Korber DR, Lappinscott HM (2003) Microbial biofilms. Annu Rev Microbiol 49:711–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. de Saravia SGG, de Mele MFL, Videla HA, Edyvean RGJ (1997) Bacterial biofilms on cathodically protected stainless steel. Biofouling 11:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. del Pozo JL, Rouse MS, Mandrekar JN, Steckelberg JM, Patel R (2009) The electricidal effect: reduction of staphylococcus and pseudomonas biofilms by prolonged exposure to low-intensity electrical current. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:41–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dhar HP, Howell DW, Bockris JOM (1982) The use of in situ electrochemical reduction of oxygen in the diminution of adsorbed bacteria on metals in seawater. J Electrochem Soc 129:2178–2182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dong ZH, Liu T, Liu HF (2011) Influence of eps isolated from thermophilic sulphate-reducing bacteria on carbon steel corrosion. Biofouling 27:487–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Duan J, Wu S, Zhang X, Huang G, Du M, Hou B (2008) Corrosion of carbon steel influenced by anaerobic biofilm in natural seawater. Electrochim Acta 54:22–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Eashwar M, Subramanian G, Palanichamy S, Rajagopal G, Madhu S, Kamaraj P (2009) Cathodic behaviour of stainless steel in coastal indian seawater: calcareous deposits overwhelm biofilms. Biofouling 25:191–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Edyvean RGJ, Maines AD, Hutchinson CJ, Silk NJ, Evans LV (1992) Interactions between cathodic protection and bacterial settlement on steel in seawater. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 29:251–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Emerson D, Moyer C (1997) Isolation and characterization of novel iron-oxidizing bacteria that grow at circumneutral ph. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:4784–4792Google Scholar
  28. Emerson D, Fleming EJ, McBeth JM (2010) Iron-oxidizing bacteria: an environmental and genomic perspective. Annu Rev Microbiol 64:561–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Esquivel RG, Olivares GZ, Gayosso MJH, Trejo AG (2015) Cathodic protection of XL 52 steel under the influence of sulfate reducing bacteria. Mater Corros 62:61–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fatah MC, Ismail MC, Wahjoedi BA (2013) Effects of sulphide ion on corrosion behaviour of X52 steel in simulated solution containing metabolic products species: a study pertaining to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). Corros Eng Sci Technol 48:211–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Flemming HC (2002) Biofouling in water systems–cases, causes and countermeasures. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 59:629–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Grooters M, Harneit K, Wöllbrink M, Sand W, Stadler R, Fürbeth W (2007) Novel steel corrosion protection by microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS)–biofilm-induced corrosion inhibition. Adv Mater Res 20–21:375–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gu T, Zhao K, Nesic S (2009) A new mechanistic model for mic based on a biocatalytic cathodic sulfate reduction theory. CorrosionGoogle Scholar
  34. Guan F, Zhai X, Duan J, Zhang J, Li K, Hou B (2017) Influence of sulfate-reducing bacteria on the corrosion behavior of 5052 aluminum alloy. Surf Coat Technol 316:171–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Guezennec JG (1994) Cathodic protection and microbially induced corrosion. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 34:275–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gurrappa I (2005) Cathodic protection of cooling water systems and selection of appropriate materials. J Mater Process Technol 166:256–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hamilton WA (2003) Microbially influenced corrosion as a model system for the study of metal microbe interactions: a unifying electron transfer hypothesis. Biofouling 19:65–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Heckels JE, Blackett B, Everson JS, Ward ME (1976) The influence of surface charge on the attachment of neisseria gonorrhoeae to human cells. J Gen Microbiol 96:359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Herrera LK, Videla HA (2009) Role of iron-reducing bacteria in corrosion and protection of carbon steel. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 63:891–895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hong SH, Jeong J, Shim S, Kang H, Kwon S, Ahn KH et al (2008) Effect of electric currents on bacterial detachment and inactivation. Biotechnol Bioeng 100:379–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Huttunen-Saarivirta E, Rajala P, Bomberg M, Carpén L (2017) Eis study on aerobic corrosion of copper in ground water: influence of micro-organisms. Electrochim Acta 240:163–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ilhan-Sungur E, Çotuk A (2010) Microbial corrosion of galvanized steel in a simulated recirculating cooling tower system. Corros Sci 52:161–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Istanbullu O, Babauta J, Duc Nguyen H, Beyenal H (2012) Electrochemical biofilm control: mechanism of action. Biofouling 28:769–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Javaherdashti R (1999) A review of some characteristics of mic caused by sulfate-reducing bacteria: past, present and future. Anti-Corrosion Methods Mater 46:173–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Javaherdashti R (2011) Impact of sulphate-reducing bacteria on the performance of engineering materials. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 91:1507–1517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Jia R, Yang D, Xu D, Gu T (2017a) Electron transfer mediators accelerated the microbiologically influence corrosion against carbon steel by nitrate reducing pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm. Bioelectrochemistry 118:38–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Jia R, Yang D, Xu J, Xu D, Gu T (2017b) Microbiologically influenced corrosion of C1018 carbon steel by nitrate reducing pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm under organic carbon starvation. Corros Sci 127:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Jia R, Tan JL, Jin P, Blackwood DJ, Xu D, Gu T (2018) Effects of biogenic H2S on the microbiologically influenced corrosion of C1018 carbon steel by sulfate reducing desulfovibrio vulgaris biofilm. Corros Sci 130:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Jin J, Guan Y (2014) The mutual co-regulation of extracellular polymeric substances and iron ions in biocorrosion of cast iron pipes. Bioresour Technol 169:387–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Jin J, Wu G, Guan Y (2015) Effect of bacterial communities on the formation of cast iron corrosion tubercles in reclaimed water. Water Res 71:207–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Jogdeo P, Chai R, Shuyang S, Saballus M, Constancias F, Wijesinghe SL et al (2017) Onset of microbial influenced corrosion (MIC) in stainless steel exposed to mixed species biofilms from equatorial seawater. J Electrochem Soc 164:C532–C538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Kuehr VW, Vlugt VD (1934) De grafiteering van gietijzer als electrobiochemich process in anaerobe grondenGoogle Scholar
  53. Lee W, Lewandowski Z, Nielsen PH, Hamilton WA (1995) Role of sulfate-reducing bacteria in corrosion of mild steel: a review. Biofouling 8:165–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Li SY, Jeon KS, Kang TY, Kho YT, Kim YG (2001) Microbiologically influenced corrosion of carbon steel exposed to anaerobic soil. Corrosion 57:815–828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Li H, Xu D, Li Y, Feng H, Liu Z, Li X et al (2015) Extracellular electron transfer is a bottleneck in the microbiologically influenced corrosion of C1018 carbon steel by the biofilm of sulfate-reducing bacterium desulfovibrio vulgaris. PLoS ONE 10:e0136183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Little B, Ray R (2002) A perspective on corrosion inhibition by biofilms. Corrosion -Houston Tx- 58:424–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Little B, Wagner P, Mansfeld F (1992) Microbiologically influenced corrosion of metals and alloys. Electrochim Acta 37:2185–2194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Little BJ, Wagner PA, Hart KR, Ray RI (1997) Spatial relationships between bacteria and localized corrosion. Spatial Relationships Between Bacteria & Localized CorrosionGoogle Scholar
  59. Liu T, Cheng YF (2017) The influence of cathodic protection potential on the biofilm formation and corrosion behaviour of an x70 steel pipeline in sulfate reducing bacteria media. J Alloy Compd 729:180–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Liu H, Frank Cheng Y (2017) Mechanism of microbiologically influenced corrosion of X52 pipeline steel in a wet soil containing sulfate-reduced bacteria. Electrochim Acta 253:368–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Liu H, Zheng B, Xu D, Fu C, Luo Y (2014) Effect of sulfate-reducing bacteria and iron-oxidizing bacteria on the rate of corrosion of an aluminum alloy in a central air-conditioning cooling water system. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:7840–7846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Liu H, Fu C, Gu T, Zhang G, Lv Y, Wang H et al (2015) Corrosion behavior of carbon steel in the presence of sulfate reducing bacteria and iron oxidizing bacteria cultured in oilfield produced water. Corros Sci 100:484–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Liu H, Gu T, Zhang G, Cheng Y, Wang H, Liu H (2016a) The effect of magneticfield on biomineralization and corrosion behavior of carbon steel induced by iron-oxidizing bacteria. Corros Sci 102:93–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Liu H, Gu T, Zhang G, Wang W, Dong S, Cheng Y et al (2016b) Corrosion inhibition of carbon steel in CO2-containing oilfield produced water in the presence of iron-oxidizing bacteria and inhibitors. Corros Sci 105:149–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Liu H, Gu T, Asif M, Zhang G, Liu H (2017) The corrosion behavior and mechanism of carbon steel induced by extracellular polymeric substances of iron-oxidizing bacteria. Corros Sci 114:102–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Maeda T, Negishi A, Komoto H, Oshima Y, Kamimura K, Sugio T (1999) Isolation of iron-oxidizing bacteria from corroded concretes of sewage treatment plants. J Biosci Bioeng 88:300–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. McBeth JM, Emerson D (2016) In situ microbial community succession on mild steel in estuarine and marine environments: exploring the role of iron-oxidizing bacteria. Front Microbiol 7:767–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. McBeth JM, Little BJ, Ray RI, Farrar KM, Emerson D (2011) Neutrophilic iron-oxidizing “zetaproteobacteria” and mild steel corrosion in nearshore marine environments. Appl Environ Microbiol 77:1405–1412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Mehanna M, Basseguy R, Delia ML, Bergel A (2009) Role of direct microbial electron transfer in corrosion of steels. Electrochem Commun 11:568–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Moon KM, Cho HR, Lee MH, Shin SK, Koh SC (2007) Electrochemical analysis of the microbiologically influenced corrosion of steels by sulfate-reducing bacteria. Met Mater Int 13:211–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Moradi M, Duan J, Ashassi-Sorkhabi H, Luan X (2011) De-alloying of 316 stainless steel in the presence of a mixture of metal-oxidizing bacteria. Corros Sci 53:4282–4290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Nekoksa G, Gutherman B (1991) Cathodic protection criteria for controlling microbially influenced corrosion in power plantsGoogle Scholar
  73. Okabe S, Odagiri M, Ito T, Satoh H (2007) Succession of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria in the microbial community on corroding concrete in sewer systems. Appl Environ Microbiol 73:971–980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Olivares G, Mejia G, Caloca G, Lopez I, Dabur F, Ulloa-Ochoa C, et al (2003) Sulfate reducing bacteria influence on the cathodic protection of pipelines that transport hydrocarbons. CorrosionGoogle Scholar
  75. Pérez M, Gervasi CA, Armas R, Stupak ME, Di Sarli AR (2009) The influence of cathodic currents on biofouling attachment to painted metals. Biofouling 8:27–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Poortinga AT, Smit J, Mei HCVD, Busscher HJ (2001) Electric field induced desorption of bacteria from a conditioning film covered substratum. Biotechnol Bioeng 76:395–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Pourbaix M (1996) Atlas of electrochemical equilibria in aqueous solutions. NACE International, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  78. Quan XC, Tang H, Xiong WC, Yang ZF (2010) Bioaugmentation of aerobic sludge granules with a plasmid donor strain for enhanced degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. J Hazard Mater 179:1136–1142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Rao TS, Sairam TN, Viswanathan B, Nair KVK (2000) Carbon steel corrosion by iron oxidising and sulphate reducing bacteria in a freshwater cooling system. Corros Sci 42:1417–1431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Reguera G, Mccarthy KD, Mehta T, Nicoll JS, Tuominen MT, Lovley DR (2005) Extracellular electron transfer via microbial nanowires. Nature 435:1098–1101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Romero MD, Duque Z, RodríGuez L, RincóN OD, PéRez O, Araujo I (2005) A study of microbiologically induced corrosion by sulfate-reducing bacteria on carbon steel using hydrogen permeation. Corrosion 61:68–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Rosenberger S, Kraume M (2002) Filterability of activated sludge in membrane reactors. Desalination 146:373–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Sand W, Gehrke T (2003) Microbially influenced corrosion of steel in aqueous environments. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 2:169–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Scotto V, Cintio RD, Marcenaro G (1985) The influence of marine aerobic microbial film on stainless steel corrosion behaviour. Corros Sci 25:185–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Sheng X, Ting Y-P, Pehkonen SO (2007) The influence of sulphate-reducing bacteria biofilm on the corrosion of stainless steel aisi 316. Corros Sci 49:2159–2176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Sherar BWA, Power IM, Keech PG, Mitlin S, Southam G, Shoesmith DW (2011) Characterizing the effect of carbon steel exposure in sulfide containing solutions to microbially induced corrosion. Corros Sci 53:955–960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Shirtliff ME, Bargmeyer A, Camper AK (2005) Assessment of the ability of the bioelectric effect to eliminate mixed-species biofilms. Appl Environ Microbiol 71:6379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Stadler R, Wei L, Fürbeth W, Grooters M, Kuklinski A (2010) Influence of bacterial exopolymers on cell adhesion of desulfovibrio vulgaris on high alloyed steel: corrosion inhibition by extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). Mater Corros 61:1008–1016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Starosvetsky J, Starosvetsky D, Pokroy B, Hilel T, Armon R (2008) Electrochemical behaviour of stainless steels in media containing iron-oxidizing bacteria (IOB) by corrosion process modeling. Corros Sci 50:540–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Sun W, Liu G, Wang L, Li Y (2012) A mathematical model for modeling the formation of calcareous deposits on cathodically protected steel in seawater. Electrochim Acta 78:597–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Sung EH, Han JS, Ahn CM, Seo HJ, Kim CG (2011) Biological metal corrosion in saline systems by sulfur-reducing and iron-oxidizing bacteria. Water Qual Res J Can 46:321–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Tiller AK, Booth GH (1962) Polarization studies of mild steel in cultures of sulphate-reducing bacteria. Part 3. halophilic organisms. Trans Faraday Soc 56:1689–1696Google Scholar
  93. van der Borden AJ, van der Werf H, van der Mei HC, Busscher HJ (2004) Electric current-induced detachment of staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms from surgical stainless steel. Appl Environ Microbiol 70:6871–6874CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Vastra M, Salvin P, Roos C (2016) Mic of carbon steel in amazonian environment: electrochemical, biological and surface analyses. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 112:98–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Venzlaff H, Enning D, Srinivasan J, Mayrhofer KJJ, Hassel AW, Widdel F et al (2013) Accelerated cathodic reaction in microbial corrosion of iron due to direct electron uptake by sulfate-reducing bacteria. Corros Sci 66:88–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Videla HA, Herrera LK (2005) Microbiologically influenced corrosion: looking to the future. Int Microbiol 8:169–180Google Scholar
  97. Wang W, Li X, Wang J, Xu H, Wu J (2004) Influence of biofilms growth on corrosion potential of metals immersed in seawater. Mater Corros 55:30–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Wang H, Ju LK, Castaneda H, Cheng G, Newby BMZ (2014) Corrosion of carbon steel C1010 in the presence of iron oxidizing bacteria acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. Corros Sci 89:250–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Wilson WW, Wade MM, Holman SC, Champlin FR (2001) Status of methods for assessing bacterial cell surface charge properties based on zeta potential measurements. J Microbiol Methods 43:153–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Wu T, Yan M, Zeng D, Xu J, Sun C, Yu C et al (2015) Stress corrosion cracking of X80 steel in the presence of sulfate-reducing bacteria. J Mater Sci Technol 31:413–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Xin B, Zhang D, Zhang X, Xia Y, Wu F, Chen S et al (2009) Bioleaching mechanism of Co and Li from spent lithium-ion battery by the mixed culture of acidophilic sulfur-oxidizing and iron-oxidizing bacteria. Bioresour Technol 100:6163–6169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Xu D, Gu T (2014) Carbon source starvation triggered more aggressive corrosion against carbon steel by the desulfovibrio vulgaris biofilm. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 91:74–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Xu C, Zhang Y, Cheng G, Zhu W (2007) Localized corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel in the presence of sulfate-reducing and iron-oxidizing bacteria. Mater Sci Eng A 443:235–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Xu C, Zhang Y, Cheng G, Zhu W (2008) Pitting corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel in the media of sulphate-reducing and iron-oxidizing bacteria. Mater Charact 59:245–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Xu D, Li Y, Gu T (2012) A synergistic d-tyrosine and tetrakis hydroxymethyl phosphonium sulfate biocide combination for the mitigation of an srb biofilm. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 28:3067–3074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Xu D, Li Y, Gu T (2016) Mechanistic modeling of biocorrosion caused by biofilms of sulfate reducing bacteria and acid producing bacteria. Bioelectrochemistry 110:52–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Yu L, Duan J, Du X, Huang Y, Hou B (2013) Accelerated anaerobic corrosion of electroactive sulfate-reducing bacteria by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and chronoamperometry. Electrochem Commun 26:101–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Yuan SJ, Pehkonen SO (2007) Microbiologically influenced corrosion of 304 stainless steel by aerobic pseudomonas ncimb 2021 bacteria: afm and xps study. Colloids Surf B 59:87–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Zhang P, Xu D, Li Y, Yang K, Gu T (2015) Electron mediators accelerate the microbiologically influenced corrosion of 304 stainless steel by the desulfovibrio vulgaris biofilm. Bioelectrochemistry 101:14–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringOcean University of ChinaQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations