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Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 431–446 | Cite as

A review: microbiologically influenced corrosion and the effect of cathodic polarization on typical bacteria

  • Meiying Lv
  • Min Du
review paper
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Microbiologically influenced corrosion is a serious type of corrosion as approximately 20% of the total economic losses. Sulfate reducing bacteria and Iron oxidizing bacteria are one of the typical representatives of the anaerobic and aerobic bacteria, which are ubiquitous in natural environments and corrode steel structures. Cathodic polarization has been recognized as an effective method for preventing steels from microbial corrosion. Although cathodic polarization method has been widely studied, the specific properties of cathodic current that influences the bacterial removal and inactivation remained largely unclear. This review is to show the main effects of Sulfate reducing bacteria and Iron oxidizing bacteria on metal decay as well as the inhibition mechanism of cathodic polarization in the study of bio-corrosion.

Keywords

Microbiologically influenced corrosion Sulfate reducing bacteria Iron oxidizing bacteria Biofilm Cathodic polarization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41576076).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringOcean University of ChinaQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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