Stepped characterisation: a metaphysical defence of qua-propositions in Christology
- 17 Downloads
Given Conciliar Christology and a compositionalist metaphysics of the incarnation, I explore whether ‘qua-propositions’ are capable of solving the coherence problem in Christology. I do this by probing the metaphysical aspect of qua-propositions, since ‘semantics presupposes metaphysics’ (McCord Adams). My proposal focuses on the fact that the Word accidentally owns an individual human nature. Due to that individuality, the human properties first characterise the individual human nature and, in a ‘next step’, this individual human nature characterises the Word. I call this ‘stepped characterisation’. Subsequently, I show that stepped characterisation validates the use of qua-propositions in Conciliar Christology. Hence, qua-propositions are not merely ‘muddling the waters of logic’ (Morris).
KeywordsScotism Conciliar Christology Qua-propositions Stepped characterisation Metaphysical defence
- Augustine, Sermones 191, 1. http://www.dec25th.info/Augustine%27s%20Sermon%20191.html.
- Crisp, O. D. (2016). The word enfleshed. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic. Ch. 5 and 6.Google Scholar
- Cross, R. (2009). The incarnation. In T. P. Flint & M. C. Rea (Eds.), Oxford handbook of philosophical theology (pp. 455–457). Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
- Geach, P. T. (1972). Logic matters (pp. 289–301). Los Angeles: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Gorman, M. (2014). Christological consistency and the reduplicative Qua. Journal of Analytic Theology, 2, 86–100.Google Scholar
- Hick, J. (1977). “Jesus and the World Religions”, chapter 9 in the myth of God incarnate. London: CSM Press.Google Scholar
- Hill, J. (2011). Introduction. In A. Marmodoro & J. Hill (Eds.), The metaphysics of the incarnation. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
- Morris, T. V. (1986). The logic of God incarnate. Ithaca/London: Cornell UP.Google Scholar
- Plantinga, A. (1974). The nature of necessity. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
- Scotus, ‘Ordinatio 3’. Ioannis Duns Scoti Opera Omnia. Polyglot Press: Rome, 2016: vol. IX.Google Scholar