Antitrust Enforcement in Europe in the Last 25 Years: Developments and Challenges
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We review all of the main developments that have influenced the way in which antitrust has been enforced in Europe in the last 25 years. We also provide a detailed quantitative description and assessment of the evolution of enforcement in Europe with the use of a unique dataset that is utilized for the first time: all DGCOMP antitrust decisions in the period 1992–2016. Further, we examine and offer explanations as to why there is still significant divergence in the approach to antitrust enforcement between the EU and other mature jurisdictions—particularly in the enforcement of Article 102.
KeywordsAntitrust Enforcement European competition policy
JEL ClassificationL4 K21
We are grateful for the comments and suggestions from two referees and by the participants and discussant at the Conference “Celebrating 25 Years of the EU Single Market”, Cambridge, 20th April, 2018, at which this paper was presented. Y. Katsoulacos and E. Metsiou acknowledge financial support from research program DRASI II of the Athens University of Economics and Business. All inaccuracies, mistakes, and omissions are our responsibility.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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