Advertisement

Kinetic analysis of azo dye decolorization during their acid–base equilibria: photocatalytic degradation of tartrazine and sunset yellow

  • Mahsa Rashidi
  • S. Maryam SajjadiEmail author
  • Hassan Zavvar Mousavi
Article
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the kinetics of the photodegradation of tartrazine (TA) and sunset yellow (SY) was systematically evaluated at different pH values in the presence of α-Fe2O3 nanostructures as a cost-effective and efficient photocatalyst. For each dye, time-spectral data was recorded in the pH range 8–12, then the whole data was resolved by hard soft-modelling parallel factor analysis to obtain the kinetic profiles of the components existing during simultaneous kinetic and equilibria processes. Then, the rate constants of degradation processes together with their uncertainties were computed. The results revealed that pH strongly affects the mechanism and the rate constants of the dyes photoreactivity due to changing the structure of the analytes. In fact, those protonated/deprotonated structures with resonance forms were less degradable because of their stability and then showed lower rate constant(s).

Keywords

Photocatalytic degradation Azo dyes Acid–base equilibria Multivariate analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was financially supported by the Semnan University Research Council.

Supplementary material

11144_2019_1654_MOESM1_ESM.docx (537 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 537 kb)
11144_2019_1654_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (185 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 185 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Gu M, Yin Q, Wang Z et al (2018) Color and nitrogen removal from synthetic dye wastewater in an integrated mesophilic hydrolysis/acidification and multiple anoxic/aerobic process. Chemosphere 212:881–889.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2018.08.162 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jayapal M, Jagadeesan H, Shanmugam M et al (2018) Sequential anaerobic-aerobic treatment using plant microbe integrated system for degradation of azo dyes and their aromatic amines by-products. J Hazard Mater 354:231–243.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2018.04.050 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gadekar MR, Ahammed MM (2019) Modelling dye removal by adsorption onto water treatment residuals using combined response surface methodology-artificial neural network approach. J Environ Manag 231:241–248.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JENVMAN.2018.10.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Esquerdo VM, Quintana TM, Dotto GL, Pinto LAA (2015) Kinetics and mass transfer aspects about the adsorption of tartrazine by a porous chitosan sponge. React Kinet Mech Cat 116:105–117.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11144-015-0893-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhao T, Li P, Tai C et al (2018) Efficient decolorization of typical azo dyes using low-frequency ultrasound in presence of carbonate and hydrogen peroxide. J Hazard Mater 346:42–51.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2017.12.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shende TP, Bhanvase BA, Rathod AP et al (2018) Sonochemical synthesis of graphene-Ce-TiO2 and graphene-Fe-TiO2 ternary hybrid photocatalyst nanocomposite and its application in degradation of crystal violet dye. Ultrason Sonochem 41:582–589.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ULTSONCH.2017.10.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Marković M, Marinović S, Mudrinić T et al (2018) Cobalt impregnated pillared montmorillonite in the peroxymonosulfate induced catalytic oxidation of tartrazine. React Kinet Mech Cat 125:827–841.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11144-018-1466-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mudrinić TM, Ajduković MJ, Jović-Jovičić NP et al (2018) Al, Fe, Ni-pillared bentonite in the catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of the textile dye Acid Yellow 99. React Kinet Mech Catal 124:75–88.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11144-018-1386-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xu Z, Wang L, Yuan H et al (2018) Fluorinated mesoporous anatase TiO2 microspheres with high surface and enhanced photocatalytic activity for the degradation of methyl orange. Kinet Catal 59:428–435.  https://doi.org/10.1134/S0023158418040158 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kheirabadi M, Samadi M, Asadian E et al (2019) Well-designed Ag/ZnO/3D graphene structure for dye removal: adsorption, photocatalysis and physical separation capabilities. J Colloid Interface Sci 537:66–78.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCIS.2018.10.102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gilbert B, Frandsen C, Maxey ER, Sherman DM (2009) Band-gap measurements of bulk and nanoscale hematite by soft x-ray spectroscopy. Phys Rev B 79:035108.  https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.79.035108 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Marusak LA, Messier R, White WB (1980) Optical absorption spectrum of hematite, αFe2O3 near IR to UV. J Phys Chem Solids 41:981–984.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3697(80)90105-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liang H, Chen W, Jiang X et al (2014) Synthesis of 2D hollow hematite microplatelets with tuneable porosity and their comparative photocatalytic activities. J Mater Chem A 2:4340.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ta14476c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pastrana-Martínez LM, Pereira N, Lima R et al (2015) Degradation of diphenhydramine by photo-Fenton using magnetically recoverable iron oxide nanoparticles as catalyst. Chem Eng J 261:45–52.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CEJ.2014.04.117 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liang H, Chen W, Wang R et al (2015) X-shaped hollow α-FeOOH penetration twins and their conversion to α-Fe2O3 nanocrystals bound by high-index facets with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Chem Eng J 274:224–230.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CEJ.2015.03.125 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sajjadi SH, Goharshadi EK (2017) Highly monodispersed hematite cubes for removal of ionic dyes. J Environ Chem Eng 5:1096–1106.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JECE.2017.01.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tanaka K, Padermpole K, Hisanaga T (2000) Photocatalytic degradation of commercial azo dyes. Water Res 34:327–333.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00093-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pekakis PA, Xekoukoulotakis NP, Mantzavinos D (2006) Treatment of textile dyehouse wastewater by TiO2 photocatalysis. Water Res 40:1276–1286.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WATRES.2006.01.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tsui S, Chu W (2001) Quantum yield study of the photodegradation of hydrophobic dyes in the presence of acetone sensitizer. Chemosphere 44:17–22.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00379-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tang WZ, Zhang Z, An H et al (1997) TiO2/UV photodegradation of azo dyes in aqueous solutions. Environ Technol 18:1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.1997.9618466 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang N, Li J, Zhu L et al (2008) Highly photocatalytic activity of metallic hydroxide/titanium dioxide nanoparticles prepared via a modified wet precipitation process. J Photochem Photobiol A 198:282–287.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JPHOTOCHEM.2008.03.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hu C, Tang Y, Yu JC, Wong PK (2003) Photocatalytic degradation of cationic blue X-GRL adsorbed on TiO2/SiO2 photocatalyst. Appl Catal B 40:131–140.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-3373(02)00147-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hu C, Yu JC, Hao Z, Wong P (2003) Effects of acidity and inorganic ions on the photocatalytic degradation of different azo dyes. Appl Catal B 46:35–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-3373(03)00139-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kiriakidou F, Kondarides DI, Verykios XE (1999) The effect of operational parameters and TiO2-doping on the photocatalytic degradation of azo-dyes. Catal Today 54:119–130.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-5861(99)00174-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lachheb H, Puzenat E, Houas A et al (2002) Photocatalytic degradation of various types of dyes (Alizarin S, Crocein Orange G, Methyl Red, Congo Red, Methylene Blue) in water by UV-irradiated titania. Appl Catal B 39:75–90.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-3373(02)00078-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Grzechulska J, Morawski AW (2002) Photocatalytic decomposition of azo-dye acid black 1 in water over modified titanium dioxide. Appl Catal B 36:45–51.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-3373(01)00275-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Senthilkumaar S, Porkodi K, Gomathi R et al (2006) Sol–gel derived silver doped nanocrystalline titania catalysed photodegradation of methylene blue from aqueous solution. Dye Pigment 69:22–30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.DYEPIG.2005.02.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ling CM, Mohamed AR, Bhatia S (2004) Performance of photocatalytic reactors using immobilized TiO2 film for the degradation of phenol and methylene blue dye present in water stream. Chemosphere 57:547–554.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2004.07.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Neppolian B, Choi HC, Sakthivel S et al (2002) Solar light induced and TiO2 assisted degradation of textile dye reactive blue 4. Chemosphere 46:1173–1181.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(01)00284-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Etezadi H, Sajjadi SM, Maleki A (2019) Crucial successes in drug delivery systems using multivariate chemometric approaches: challenges and opportunities. New J Chem 43:5077–5087.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C8NJ06272B CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kompany-Zareh M, Mokhtari Z, Abdollahi H (2012) Spectrophotometric thermodynamic study of orientational isomers formed by inclusion of methyl orange into β-cyclodextrin nanocavity. Chemom Intell Lab Syst 118:230–238.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CHEMOLAB.2012.06.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Reshetnikova VN, Kuznetsov VV, Borodulin SS (2016) Application of artificial neural networks to predictions in flow-injection spectrophotometry. J Anal Chem 71:243–247.  https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934816030114 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    De Luca M, Ioele G, Mas S et al (2012) A study of pH-dependent photodegradation of amiloride by a multivariate curve resolution approach to combined kinetic and acid–base titration UV data. Analyst 137:5428.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c2an35799b CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Bro R (1997) PARAFAC. Tutorial and applications. Chemom Intell Lab Syst 38:149–171.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7439(97)00032-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kimia Rahavard Iran. http://www.crp.ir/. Accessed 3 Feb 2019
  36. 36.
    MATLAB version 7.5.0 commercially available from Math Work No TitleGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Source|Quality & Technology. http://www.models.kvl.dk/source. Accessed 6 Jan 2019
  38. 38.
    Mahmood T, Saddique MT, Naeem A et al (2011) Comparison of different methods for the point of zero charge determination of NiO. Ind Eng Chem Res 50:10017–10023.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie200271d CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sajjadi SM, Abdollahi H (2011) Hard-soft modeling parallel factor analysis to solve equilibrium processes. J Chemom 25:169–182.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cem.1341 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Maeder M, Zuberbuehler AD (1990) Nonlinear least-squares fitting of multivariate absorption data. Anal Chem 62:2220–2224.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00219a013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Lassoued A, Saber M, Dkhil B, Ammar S (2018) Physica E: low-dimensional systems and nanostructures synthesis, photoluminescence and magnetic properties of iron oxide (α-Fe2O3) nanoparticles through precipitation or hydrothermal methods. Physica E 101:212–219.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physe.2018.04.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Tadic M, Trpkov D, Kopanja L et al (2019) Hydrothermal synthesis of hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanoparticle forms: Synthesis conditions, structure, particle shape analysis, cytotoxicity and magnetic properties. J Alloys Compds.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.03.414 Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Nyquist RA, Kagel RO (1971) Infrared spectra of inorganic compounds (3800-45 cm−1), 1977th ed. Academic Press, New York.  https://doi.org/10.1016/C2009-0-22109-X Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Han S, Hu L, Liang Z et al (2014) One-step hydrothermal synthesis of 2D hexagonal nanoplates of α-Fe2O3/graphene composites with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Adv Funct Mater 24:5719–5727.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201401279 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Shinde SS, Bhosale CH, Rajpure KY (2013) Kinetic analysis of heterogeneous photocatalysis: role of hydroxyl radicals. Catal Rev 55:79–133.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01614940.2012.734202 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Bi D, Xu Y (2011) Improved photocatalytic activity of WO3 through clustered Fe2O3 for organic degradation in the presence of H2O2. Langmuir 27:9359–9366.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la2012793 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Legrini O, Oliveros E, Braun AM (1993) Photochemical processes for water treatment. Chem Rev 93:671–698.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cr00018a003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Saleh MMS, Hashem EY, Salahi NOAA (2016) Oxidation and complexation-based spectrophotometric methods for sensitive determination of tartrazine E102 in some commercial food samples. Comput Chem 04:51–64.  https://doi.org/10.4236/cc.2016.42005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Abdollahi H, Sajjadi SM (2009) Evaluation of variation matrix arrays by parallel factor analysis. J Chemom 23:139–148.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cem.1210 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Khayamian T, Tan GH, Sirhan A et al (2009) Comparison of three multi-way models for resolving and quantifying bifenthrin and tetramethrin using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Chemom Intell Lab Syst 96:149–158.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CHEMOLAB.2009.01.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Bro R, Harshman RA, Sidiropoulos ND, Lundy ME (2009) Modeling multi-way data with linearly dependent loadings. J Chemom 23:324–340.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cem.1206 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Espenson JH (2002) Chemical kinetics and reaction mechanisms. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Lente G (2015) Deterministic kinetics in chemistry and systems biology. Springer, ChamCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistrySemnan UniversitySemnanIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of GuilanRashtIran

Personalised recommendations