Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 128, Issue 1, pp 493–505 | Cite as

Preparation of mesoporous silica supported sulfonic acid and evaluation of the catalyst in esterification reactions

  • Yi WangEmail author
  • Jun You
  • Bo Liu


Sulfonic acid group was chemically bonded on either amorphous or highly ordered mesoporous silica surface through hydrothermal treatment with Na2SO3/NaHSO3 aqueous solution followed by acidification after the silica was grafted with surface propyl-chloride group. N2 adsorption–desorption was used for the characterization of the topology properties of the mesoporous silica–SO3H catalysts and the acid amount was studied by titration. Solid NMR and FTIR techniques were employed for detection of the surface groups and covalently bonded propyl–SO3H species was identified. The solid acid catalyst was evaluated in esterification reactions between various carboxylic acids and short-chain alcohols and the results demonstrated that the mesoporous silica–SO3H catalyst shows not only a high activity comparable to that of reported KIT-6-120–SO3H catalyst, but also an excellent recyclability (without deactivation after reused for eight times in lauric acid esterification with ethanol). The good performance and strong acidic character of the catalyst was correlated with the large pore size, well accessible acid sites as well as covalently grafted active structure on the catalyst.


Mesoporous silica Sulfonic acid Catalyst Esterification Recyclable 



This work was supported by the Doctoral Scientific Research Foundation of Harbin University of Science and Technology (No. 8402-217045075).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Engineering and Technology of College of Heilongjiang Province, College of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringHarbin University of Science and TechnologyHarbinPeople’s Republic of China

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