Correlation of metal–organic framework structures and catalytic performance in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis process
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Two typical metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), i.e. tris(pyridine-2-carboxylato)-cobalt(III) monohydrate (MOF-1) and (μ2-pyridine 2,6-dicarboxylato)(pyridine 2,6-dicarboxylato) pentaaqua dicobalt(II)dihydrate (MOF-2) were employed for preparation of cobalt Fischer–Tropsch catalysts. Both MOF-derived catalysts were obtained by direct pyrolysis in N2 atmosphere at 500 °C. The pyrolysis of desired MOFs resulted nanoparticles embedded in the porous carbon matrix. Such catalysts can serve as useful catalysts for FT synthesis. Co-MOF-1 derived catalyst exhibited carbon monoxide conversion of 74.8% and selectivity towards long-chain hydrocarbons (C5+) of 49.2%. Also, it showed selectivity for short-chain hydrocarbons (C2–C4) of 36.19% for 50 h on steam while Co-MOF-2 derived catalyst displayed CO conversion of 81.6% and selectivity for long-chain hydrocarbons (C5+) and short-chain hydrocarbons of 56.8% and 28.2%. The superb activity and catalytic efficiency can be ascribed to the MOF precursors structures. This study investigated the relationship between MOF structure and catalytic performance and presented a new approach to design novel super active catalysts with preferable selectivity for Fischer–Tropsch synthesis by opting the suitable MOF precursors.
KeywordsMetal–organic frameworks Pyrolysis Fischer–Tropsch synthesis Co catalysts
We thank the University of Sistan and Baluchestan for support this funding.
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