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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 127, Issue 2, pp 715–726 | Cite as

Immobilized amino-containing basic ionic liquid on graphene oxide as an efficient and stable catalyst for transesterification

  • Wei-Hong ZhangEmail author
  • Yu-Chen Zhou
  • Chen-Hui Du
  • Min Gao
  • Shan-Shan Liu
  • Ping Liu
  • Yong-Xin Li
Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

A basic ionic liquid containing aminopropylimidazolium moiety and OH anion was immobilized on silane-functionalized graphene oxide (GO) by a condensation process, followed by an anion-exchange reaction. The properties of the resulting GO-[Ap-im]OH material were characterized using extensive techniques including FTIR, XPS, AFM, TGA, etc. The material could be used as a transesterification catalyst, affording the expected ester products in good yields under mild reaction conditions. This GO-[Ap-im]OH material with amino groups shows higher activity than GO-[Ap-im]Cl without amino groups. Furthermore, this catalyst could easily be separated from the reaction mixture by filtration and recycled at least 6 times without a noticeable decrease in the catalytic activity. The prominent performance of GO-[Ap-im]OH is attributed to the enhanced basicity of combining amine groups and OH anions as well as less mass-transfer resistance of laminar GO.

Keywords

Graphene oxide Immobilization Amino-functionalized basic ionic liquid Transesterification 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project was financially supported by the Advanced Catalysis and Green Manufacturing Collaborative Innovation Center (No. ACGM2018-03-16), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (21673024).

Supplementary material

11144_2019_1589_MOESM1_ESM.doc (582 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 582 kb)

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei-Hong Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yu-Chen Zhou
    • 1
  • Chen-Hui Du
    • 1
  • Min Gao
    • 1
  • Shan-Shan Liu
    • 1
  • Ping Liu
    • 1
  • Yong-Xin Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Catalytic Materials and Technology, School of Petrochemical EngineeringChangzhou UniversityChangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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