Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 127, Issue 2, pp 617–635 | Cite as

Comparative study of CO oxidation on biogenic lepidocrocite layered on anodic alumina samples

  • Maya ShopskaEmail author
  • Daniela Paneva
  • Hristo Kolev
  • Georgi Kadinov
  • Jaroslav Briančin
  • Martin Fabián
  • Daniela Kovacheva
  • Zara Cherkezova-Zheleva
  • Ivan Mitov


Leptothrix genus bacteria were cultivated in Lieske medium in presence of anodic Al2O3/Al to synthesize γ-FeOOH as a biogenic precursor for catalyst preparation. Different amounts of biogenic iron (0.6, 0.9, 9.2% Fe) were deposited. γ-FeOOH deposition on the support was identified the process being determined by the anodic Al2O3 surface structure. The catalytic activity in the CO oxidation reaction was examined by in situ diffuse-reflectance infrared spectroscopy up to 250 °C. A maximum conversion of 42% was achieved with 9.2% Fe sample. However, the lowest amount of reaction product CO2 was determined. Lepidocrocite conversion into maghemite occurred during catalytic experiments. Static adsorption study showed presence of carbonate (bidentate, monodentate) species and formates on the samples surface indicating that oxidation occurred at room temperature by CO interaction with (sub)surface oxygen. Bidentate carbonate species were not registered with 9.2% Fe sample. Additionally, inhibited formate species formation was registered on the same sample. In this case the biogenic iron coverage could be considered thicker and denser determining CO2 adsorption–desorption to/from the surface of iron-containing compound and anodic alumina. So, the higher CO conversion with 9.2% Fe sample was at the expense not only for transformation to CO2 but some part remained on the surface as strongly adsorbed species.


Biogenic lepidocrocite Leptothrix sp. (In situ) infrared spectroscopy CO oxidation 



The authors are grateful to the Bulgarian National Science Fund for the support of project T02-17/2014. Preparation of the biogenic materials by Prof. V. Groudeva and co-workers from the Faculty of Biology of St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia is greatly acknowledged. This work was also supported by the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the Slovak Academy of Sciences through the bilateral project ‘Mechanochemical synthesis—an ecologically friendly process in the production of materials for photocatalytic purification of air and water’.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 1178 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Catalysis, Bulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Institute of Geotechnics, Slovak Academy of SciencesKosiceSlovak Republic
  3. 3.Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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