Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 127, Issue 2, pp 601–616 | Cite as

Influence of surface Lewis acid sites for the selective hydrogenation of levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone over Ni–Cu–Al mixed oxide catalyst

  • Rambabu Gundeboina
  • Vijay Kumar Velisoju
  • Naresh Gutta
  • Sudhakar Medak
  • Hari Padmasri AytamEmail author


Al2O3 interacted Cu–Ni bimetallic catalysts derived from incorporation of Cu into Ni–Al hydrotalcite were found to be efficient in the selective transformation of levulinic acid (LA) to γ-valerolactone (GVL). The promotional effect of Cu on Ni hydrogenation activity was explained due to an increased ease of NiO reduction and also enhanced surface Lewis acid sites measured by DRIFT spectroscopy. An optimum composition of Ni–Cu–Al catalyst with a mole ratio of 44:22:33 (NCA-423) exhibited a higher Ni metal surface area which demonstrated superior performance in the hydrogenation of LA to GVL with a productivity of 1.68 kgGVL kg cat −1 h−1. The physicochemical properties of Ni–Cu–Al catalysts were rationalized by XRD, H2-TPR, XPS, EPR, BET surface area, H2 chemisorption and pyridine adsorbed IR spectroscopy.


Cu–Ni bimetallic TPR Levulinic acid γ-Valerolactone Py-IR H2 chemisorption 



Mr. Rambabu G gratefully acknowledges the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, India for providing the Junior Research and Senior Research Fellowships.

Supplementary material

11144_2019_1577_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1323 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, University College of ScienceOsmania UniversityHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Catalysis & Fine Chemicals DivisionCSIR – Indian Institute of Chemical TechnologyHyderabadIndia

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