Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 126, Issue 1, pp 453–461 | Cite as

Controlled synthesis of nickel phosphide nanoparticles with pure-phase Ni2P and Ni12P5 for hydrogenation of nitrobenzene

  • Ping LiuEmail author
  • Zhi-Xiang Zhang
  • Samuel Woojoo Jun
  • Ya-Lu Zhu
  • Yong-Xin Li


The controlled synthesis of transition metal phosphides has been pursued to obtain excellent performances in application. Herein, we report a simple and effective method to synthesize nickel phosphide nanoparticles with target phases. Pure-phase nickel phosphide nanoparticles were obtained in different crystalline states (Ni2P and Ni12P5), and the crystalline phase of nickel phosphide could be controlled by varying the reaction conditions such as the temperature and duration of thermal treatment or the ratio between Ni and P. In addition, the nickel phosphide particles after thermal treatment maintained their sizes without serious agglomeration. In the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene, the phosphides with pure-phase (Ni2P or Ni12P5) and high crystallinity showed high catalytic activities. This proves that the crystalline phase of nickel phosphide plays an important role in the catalytic activity.


Nickel phosphide Ni2Ni12P5 Catalytic hydrogenation 



Authors thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21406019), Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (No. 2016M601794), Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Jiangsu province, Jiangsu Shuangchuang Program, and Advanced Catalysis and Green Manufacturing Collaborative Innovation Center, Changzhou University for financial support.

Supplementary material

11144_2018_1496_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 18 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ping Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zhi-Xiang Zhang
    • 1
  • Samuel Woojoo Jun
    • 3
  • Ya-Lu Zhu
    • 1
  • Yong-Xin Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Catalytic Materials and Technology, School of Petrochemical EngineeringChangzhou UniversityChangzhouChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Kailin Ruiyang Chemical Co.LtdChangzhouChina
  3. 3.Materials Sciences DivisionLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA

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