Anthropological archaeology and the Viennese students of civilization

  • Crystal A. DozierEmail author


In this paper, I explore the parallel trajectories of anthropological archaeological and Austrian economic thought from central Europe to the Anglosphere. I note the work of Ludwig von Mises (1881–1973) and Friedrich Hayek (1899–1992). Tracing the influence that similar theoretical perspectives has had on their respective fields, I particularly investigate the concept of methodological individualism within American archaeology in the twentieth century. This work therefore is a general abstract for the various points of contact between Austrian Economics and anthropological archaeology over the course of their intellectual histories.


Archaeological history Austrian economics Economic anthropology History of thought 

JEL classification

B25 B31 Z13 



I would like to thank Peter J. Boettke for the invitation to the 2018 Workshop on Austrian Economics at the Wirth Institute for Austrian and Central European Studies at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. That workshop inspired the present paper and the comments of all of the Workshop participated greatly enhanced this work. Thank you to all.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyWichita State UniversityWichitaUSA

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