Gestational diabetes mellitus and quality of life during the third trimester of pregnancy
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The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on the quality of life (QoL) of pregnant women during the third trimester of pregnancy. The secondary aim was to compare the QoL of pregnant women with GDM according to their therapeutic approach. This is the first study of this kind conducted in Greece.
A case-control study with 62 pregnant women (31 with GDM and 31 with uncomplicated pregnancy), during the third trimester of pregnancy. QoL and Health Related QoL were studied with the use of three questionnaires (EQ-5D-5L, WHOQOL-BREF and ADDQoL).
A decrease in the QoL was found in pregnant women with GDM compared with pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancy (p < 0.05) regarding both social life and health scales. On the contrary, there was no difference in the QoL between pregnant women with GDM who followed different treatment approaches (diet or insulin).
The diagnosis of GDM is associated with a reduction in the QoL of pregnant women during the third trimester of pregnancy, while the type of treatment does not seem to further affect it. More studies should be conducted so that the modifiers of this association can be clarified.
KeywordsPregnancy Gestational diabetes Quality of life Third trimester
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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