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Perceived social support from teachers and classmates does not moderate the inverse association between body mass index and health-related quality of life in adolescents

  • Thérésa LebacqEmail author
  • Maud Dujeu
  • Estelle Méroc
  • Nathalie Moreau
  • Camille Pedroni
  • Isabelle Godin
  • Katia Castetbon
Article

Abstract

Purpose

The current study investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among a large and non-clinical sample of adolescents, and tested the possible moderating effect of perceived teacher and classmate support on this association.

Methods

French-speaking Belgian adolescents (n = 11,342) self-reported height and weight, HRQoL (KIDSCREEN-10), as well as their perception of teacher and classmate relationships. Adjusting for sociodemographics, linear regression analyses with HRQoL as the outcome variable were performed for boys and girls separately. Interactions between BMI and teacher support, and between BMI and classmate support were included to examine the effect of this support on the association between BMI and HRQoL.

Results

Obesity was associated with lower HRQoL for boys (β = − 2.14, p = 0.002) and for girls (β = − 2.96, p = 0.001), while only overweight girls showed a significant impaired HRQoL compared with normal-weight ones (β = − 0.94, p = 0.01). In both sexes, lower perceived teacher and classmate support was associated with lower HRQoL. Interactions between BMI and perceived teacher relationships, and between BMI and perceived classmate relationships, were not significant for boys as for girls.

Conclusions

Perceived school-related social support constitutes an important dimension of adolescent well-being, suggesting the relevance of considering it for promoting greater HRQoL in overweight and obese youth. Future studies are needed to confirm the absence of moderating effect of this support and explore its effect on other weight-related factors, like body image, weight misperception and bullying, associated with decreased HRQoL in adolescents.

Keywords

Health-related quality of life Body mass index Perceived classmate support Perceived teacher support Adolescent 

Abbreviations

BMI

Body mass index

FAS

Family Affluence Scale

HBSC

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children

HRQoL

Health-related quality of life

IOTF

International Obesity Task Force

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the schools and students for their participation in the French-speaking Belgian HBSC survey. They also thank the HBSC international coordination centre (University of St Andrews, United Kingdom) and the HBSC data management centre (University of Bergen, Norway) for their scientific support, Patrick De Smet (SIPES, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium) for his collaboration in data cleaning and management, Michèle Dramaix (Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium) for her help in statistical analyses, as well as two anonymous reviewers for their relevant comments.

Funding

This work was funded by the Wallonia-Brussels Federation, the Birth and Children Office (ONE), the Walloon Region and the French Community Commission. Researchers performed the study (study design, data collection, analyses, interpretation and writing) independently of the funding bodies.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they do not have conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The study was approved by the regional education boards of the four different school networks in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation (i.e. Conseil de l’Enseignement des Communes et des Provinces, Direction Générale de l’Enseignement obligatoire de la Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles, Conseil des Pouvoirs organisateurs de l’Enseignement officiel neutre subventionné, Secrétariat Général de l’Enseignement Catholique).

Informed consent

Given the nature of the survey, informed consent was not considered as necessary by the education authority of school networks in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation.

Supplementary material

11136_2018_2079_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (202 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 202 KB)
11136_2018_2079_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (124 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 124 KB)

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecole de Santé Publique, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie, Biostatistique et Recherche CliniqueUniversité libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Ecole de Santé Publique, Centre de Recherche en Approches sociales de la santéUniversité libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium

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