Quality of Life Research

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 2841–2850 | Cite as

Modelling a preference-based index for EQ-5D using a non-parametric Bayesian method

  • Samer A. KharroubiEmail author
  • Chaza Abou Daher



Conventionally, models used for health state valuation data have been parametric. Recently, a number of researchers have investigated the use of non-parametric Bayesian methods in this area.


In this paper, we present a non-parametric Bayesian model to estimate a preference-based index for a five-dimensional health state classification, namely EQ-5D.


A sample of 2997 members of the UK general population valued 43 health states selected from a total of 243 health states defined by the EQ-5D using time trade-off technique. Findings from non-parametric modelling are reported in this paper and compared to previously used parametric estimations. The impact of respondent characteristics on health state valuations is also reported.


The non-parametric models were found to be better at predicting scores in populations with different distributions of characteristics than observed in the survey sample. Additionally, non-parametric models were found to be better at allowing for the impact of respondent characteristics to vary by health state. The results show an important age effect with sex having some effect.


The non-parametric Bayesian models provide more realistic and better utility estimates from the EQ-5D than previously used parametric models have done. Furthermore, the model is more flexible in estimating the impact of covariates.


Preference-based health measure EQ-5D Time trade-off Covariates Non-parametric Bayesian methods 



The authors would like to thank the University Research Bureau (URB) at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon for funding this study.


This study was funded by the University Research Bureau (URB) at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the authors.

Supplementary material

11136_2018_1935_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (253 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 252 KB)
11136_2018_1935_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (102 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 102 KB)
11136_2018_1935_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (211 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 210 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.American University of BeirutBeirutLebanon
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food SciencesAmerican University of BeirutBeirutLebanon

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