Validation and measurement invariance of the multidimensional qualitative job insecurity scale

  • Margherita Brondino
  • Andrea BazzoliEmail author
  • Tinne Vander Elst
  • Hans De Witte
  • Margherita Pasini


This contribution introduces the Multidimensional Qualitative Job Insecurity Scale (MQJIS). Drawing from the qualitative job insecurity literature and addressing some of other scales’ limitations, a multidimensional model is proposed and investigated by means of confirmatory factor analysis and multilevel confirmatory factor analysis. Study 1 aims to explore the psychometric properties and factorial structure of MQJIS in an Italian sample of blue-collar workers (N = 583), showing that a model with one higher-order factor (i.e., qualitative job insecurity) and four dimensions (i.e., social relationships, employment conditions, working conditions, and work content) shows a good fit to the data and good reliability indices. Study 2 aims to investigate MQJIS measurement invariance across several groups, based on country of origin, age, and gender. Results on a sample of Belgian and Italian workers (N = 710) show that MQJIS met the criteria for uniqueness invariance across genders and scalar invariance across countries and age groups. Significance, implications, and future directions stemming from the initial validation and the confirmed measurement invariance of this scale are discussed.


Qualitative job insecurity Multidimensional scale Measurement invariance Validation 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human SciencesUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyWashington State University VancouverVancouverUSA
  3. 3.Knowledge, Information and Research Center, IDEWEExternal Service for Prevention and Protection at WorkLeuvenBelgium
  4. 4.Research Group Work, Organisational, and Personnel Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational SciencesKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  5. 5.Optentia Research Focus AreaNorth-West UniversityVanderbijlparkSouth Africa

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