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Quality & Quantity

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 1325–1345 | Cite as

Analysis of China’s policy effect on poverty alleviation: evidence from Chongqing in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region

  • Min Zhu
  • Chuanmin ShuaiEmail author
  • Xiaoyan Wang
  • Zhihui Leng
  • Fan Zhang
Article
  • 248 Downloads

Abstract

With the continuous socio-economic development, the Chinese government has readjusted its poverty alleviation and development strategies, and established the targeted poverty alleviation policies in an attempt to holistically build a well-off society. Based on the panel data of nine national poverty-stricken counties (districts) in Chongqing in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region from 1998 to 2015, this paper quantitatively analyzed the effect of the national poverty alleviation policies in the context of targeted poverty alleviation by adopting the methodologies of a break-point regression and a panel regression. The results show that: (1) The national policy for targeted poverty alleviation has a significant effect on poverty reduction, and this effect has manifested since the beginning of its implementation, i.e. the net income of farmers in 2012 increased by 12.41%, as against that during 2010–2011. The per capita net income of farmers has increased by 33.64% from 2011 to 2015 during the implementation period of the targeted poverty alleviation policy, as against that during 1998–2010. The policy effect during 2011–2015 is also evident, for the net income of farmers increased by 21.23% compared with that from the beginning of the policy implementation in 2012; (2) Economic activity of the market and gross value of agricultural product in the poverty-stricken areas have significantly increased farmers’ net income, specifically, for every 1% increase in the degree of market economic activity, farmers’ net income will increase by 48.74%; Furthermore, for every 1% increase in gross value of agricultural product, the farmers’ net income will increase by 3.7%. Finally, this paper proposed corresponding policy recommendations based on these findings.

Keywords

Targeted poverty alleviation Policy effect Breakpoint regression China Three Gorges Reservoir Region in Chongqing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China: (1) Research on the Theoretic Models for Evaluating Anti-Poverty Performances and Paths to Sustainable Poverty Eradication: a Case of Solar PV Projects (Grant No.: 71773119); (2) Research on Poverty Inducing Mechanism of Eco-Geological Factors and Anti-Poverty Strategies – A case of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region (Grant No.: 71473231); (3) the Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China (NSSFC) (Grant No.:17ZDA085); and (4) This research is also supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (No. CUG170101).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementChina University of GeosciencesHongshan District, WuhanChina
  2. 2.Hubei Maternal and Child Health HospitalWuhanChina

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