Advertisement

Quality & Quantity

, Volume 52, Supplement 2, pp 1455–1469 | Cite as

Vengeance scale: reliability and validity study with gender differences

  • Gizem Öneri UzunEmail author
Article
  • 117 Downloads

Abstract

The feeling of revenge, which can be described as the desire of the individual to take revenge of the pain of an evil done to him or the pain of unscrupulous, is explained as a rudimental, destructive and illogical personality accompanied by some personality disorders. The purpose of this work is to develop and update the existing vengeance scale and evaluate the validity and reliability of this scale. On the other hand, the other purpose of this research is explaining the gender differences to taking vengeance. The research was conducted on 330 high school students. According to the results of the factor analysis, the scale is composed of 5 sub-scales. The developed vengeance scale consists of 22 items. The alpha value for the overall scale is extremely high and thus the instrument is reliable. The scale may be advisable for the studies on revenge-seeking and disseminate the practice for high-school students and different age groups in the light of these results. The results of the scale, there are differences about the gender; seems like male students were significantly higher than female students.

Keywords

Gender differences Vengeance Revenge Validity Reliability High-school students Factor analysis 

References

  1. Axelrod, R.: The Evolution of Cooperation. Basic Books, New York (1984)Google Scholar
  2. Bacon, F.: Denemeler (A. Göktürk Çev.). YKY Yayınları, İstanbul (1999)Google Scholar
  3. Barber, L., Maltby, J., Macaskill, A.: Angry memories and thoughts of revenge: the relationship between forgiveness and anger rumination. Personal. Individ. Differ. 39(2), 253–262 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barefoot, J.C.: Hostility. In: Schultz, R. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Aging içerisinde, pp. 545–546. Springer, New York (2006)Google Scholar
  5. Baumeister, R.F.: Evil: Inside Human Cruelty and Violence. WH Freeman, New York (1997)Google Scholar
  6. Bora, A., Üstün, İ.: Sıcak Aile Ortamı, Demokratikleşme Sürecinde Kadın ve Erkekler. TESEV Yayınları, Istanbul (2005)Google Scholar
  7. Bushman, B.J.: Does venting anger feed or extinguish the flame? Catharsis, rumination, distraction, anger, and aggressive responding. Personal. Soc. Psychol. Bull. 28(6), 724–731 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Büyüköztürk, Ş.: Sosyal Bilimler İçin Çok Değişkenli İstatistik SPSS ve LISREL Uygulamaları, vol. 2010, pp. 275–285. Pegem.Net, Ankara (2009)Google Scholar
  9. Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö.E., Karadeniz, Ş., Demirel, F.: Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri. Pegem Akademi, Ankara (2012)Google Scholar
  10. Brown, T.A.: Confirmatory Factor Analysis for Applied Research, 1st edn. Guilford Publications Inc., New York, NY (2006)Google Scholar
  11. Çoklar, I.: Kişilik özellikleri ile bağışlama eğilimi arasındaki ilişkinin intikam güdüsü ve adalete duyarlılık temelinde incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış doktora tezi. Ankara Üniversitesi, Ankara (2014)Google Scholar
  12. Deniz, M.E.: Ergenlerde Bağlanma Stilleri ile Çocukluk İstismarları ve Suçluluk – Utanç Arasındaki İlişki. Eurasian J. Educ. Res. 22, 89–99 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. Elster, J.: Ekşi Üzümler, Rasyonalitenin Altüst Edilmesi Üzerine Çalışmalar (Çev. B. Cezar). Metis Yayınları, İstanbul (2008)Google Scholar
  14. Erkorkmaz, Ü., Etikan, İ., Demir, O., Özdamar, K., Sanisoğlu, S.Y.: Doğrulayıcı faktör analizi ve uyum indeksleri. Turkiye Klinikleri J. Med. Sci. 33(1), 210–223 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Goldberg, J.G.: Fantasies of revenge and the stabilization of the ego: acts of revenge and the ascension of thanatos. Modern Psychoanal. 29(1), 3–21 (2004)Google Scholar
  16. Hepşen, Özlem: Tevrat, İncil Ve Kuran-I Kerimde Kadın Bedeni. Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Ankara (2010)Google Scholar
  17. İnanç, N., Üstünsöz, A.: Kadın, güç ve hemşirelik. Hemşirelik Forumu 1(2), 5–70 (1998)Google Scholar
  18. Kahraman, D.S.: Kadınların toplumsal cinsiyet eşitsizliğine yönelik görüşlerinin belirlenmesi. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu Elektronik Dergisi 3(1), 30–35 (2010)Google Scholar
  19. Kaufman, W.R.: Honor and Revenge: A Theory of Punishment. Springer, New York (2012)Google Scholar
  20. Kim, S., Smith, R.H.: Revenge and conflict escalation. Negot. J. 9(1), 37–43 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kline, R.B.: Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling, 2nd edn. Guilford Publications Inc., New York, NY (2005)Google Scholar
  22. McCullough, M.E.: Forgiveness: who does it and how do they do it? Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 10, 194–197 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. McCullough, M.E., Fincham, F.D., Tsang, J.A.: Forgiveness, forbearance, and time: The temporal unfolding of transgression-related interpersonal motivations. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 84(3), 540–557 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Newman, L.K.: Sex, gender and culture: issues in the definition, assesment and treatment of gender identity disorder. Clin. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 7, 358–367 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Özdamar, K.: Paket programlar ile istatistiksel veri analizi (çok değişkenli analizler) II. Kaan Kitabevi, Eskişehir (2002)Google Scholar
  26. Pınar, G., Taşkın, L., Eroğlu, K.: Başkent Üniversitesi öğrenci yurdunda kalan gençlerin toplumsal cinsiyet rol kalıplarına ilişkin tutumları. Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Hemşirelik Dergisi 15(1), 47–57 (2008)Google Scholar
  27. Satıcı, S.A., Can, G., Akın, A. (2012) The vengeance scale: the validity and reliability of the Turkish version. In: International Counseling and Education ConferenceGoogle Scholar
  28. Stuckless, N., Goranson, R.: The vengeance scale: development of a measure of attitudes toward revenge. J. Soc. Behav. Personal. 7(1), 25 (1992)Google Scholar
  29. Sümer, N.: Yapısal eşitlik modelleri: Temel kavramlar ve örnek uygulamalar. Türk Psikoloji Yazıları 3(6), 49–74 (2000)Google Scholar
  30. Tabachnick, B.G., Fidel, L.S.: Using multivariate statistics, 4th edn. Allyn & Bacon Inc., Boston, MA (2001)Google Scholar
  31. Tripp, T.M., Bies, R.J., Aquino, K.: Poetic justice or petty jealousy? The aesthetics of revenge. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 89(1), 966–984 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ysseldyk, R., Matheson, K., Anisman, H.: Rumination: bridging a gap between forgivingness, vengefulness, and psychological health. Personal. Individ. Differ. 42(8), 1573–1584 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychological Counseling and Guidance, Faculty of EducationNear East UniversityNicosiaNorth Cyprus

Personalised recommendations