Quality & Quantity

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 1243–1260 | Cite as

A cross-country panel approach to exploring the determinants of educational equity through PISA data

  • Tommaso Agasisti
  • Sergio LongobardiEmail author
  • Andrea Regoli


The main aim of the paper is to analyse the effect of country and school factors on a new measure of educational equity defined as the country proportion of resilient students, i.e. those who, despite their disadvantaged socioeconomic background, are able to obtain good educational results. We construct a cross country panel dataset by merging the five editions of OECD PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment). The panel analysis allows to exploit country and time level variation in the proportion of resilient students controlling for systematic and institutional differences. Our findings suggest that educational funding can help disadvantaged students to obtain the opportunities that they are otherwise lacking. In addition, this effect seems to be heterogeneous, and particularly driven by those countries whose economic development (in terms of per capita GDP) is lower.


School equity Resilient students FE models 

JEL Classifiaction




A previous version of this paper has been presented at the Public Economic Theory (PET) Conference, Seattle July 11th–13th 2014. We are grateful to participants for their useful comments and suggestions. Usual disclaimers apply.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management, Economics & Industrial EngineeringPolitecnico di Milano School of ManagementMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of Management and Quantitative StudiesUniversity of Naples “Parthenope”NaplesItaly

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