A cross-country panel approach to exploring the determinants of educational equity through PISA data
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The main aim of the paper is to analyse the effect of country and school factors on a new measure of educational equity defined as the country proportion of resilient students, i.e. those who, despite their disadvantaged socioeconomic background, are able to obtain good educational results. We construct a cross country panel dataset by merging the five editions of OECD PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment). The panel analysis allows to exploit country and time level variation in the proportion of resilient students controlling for systematic and institutional differences. Our findings suggest that educational funding can help disadvantaged students to obtain the opportunities that they are otherwise lacking. In addition, this effect seems to be heterogeneous, and particularly driven by those countries whose economic development (in terms of per capita GDP) is lower.
KeywordsSchool equity Resilient students FE models
A previous version of this paper has been presented at the Public Economic Theory (PET) Conference, Seattle July 11th–13th 2014. We are grateful to participants for their useful comments and suggestions. Usual disclaimers apply.
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