Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 74, Issue 2, pp 179–184 | Cite as

Phytochemical Properties of Satureja kitaibelii, Potential Natural Antioxidants: a New Insight

  • Kristina GopčevićEmail author
  • Slavica Grujić
  • Jelena Arsenijević
  • Ivanka Karadžić
  • Lidija Izrael-Živković
  • Zoran Maksimović
Original Paper


Satureja kitaibelii Wierzb. ex Heuff. has a great importance in Serbian ethnopharmacology/herbal traditional medicine, as well as a flavoring food additive. Ethanol extract of aerial parts of Satureja kitaibelii analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed the presence of 18 compounds among which the most abundant were phenolic acids, flavonoids, jasmonic acid derivatives and rosmanol. The extracts were rich in total phenolics and flavonoid contents, while rosmarinic acid was the dominant compound (18.30–29.52 mg/g). As assessments of antioxidant properties of natural extracts are important because of their growing use in medicine and food industry, antioxidant activity of ethanol extracts of Satureja kitaibelii was analyzed by several assays. The half maximal scavenging capacity (SC50) of 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl ranging from 71.20 to 125.65 μg/mL, the total antioxidant capacity from 272.37 to 714.12 mg ascorbic acid/g, and ferric ion reducing antioxidant power ranging from 0.74 to 1.94 μmol Fe/mg, clearly imply a significant antioxidant potential of Satureja kitaibelii. The extracts inhibit growth of Micrococcus luteus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with inhibition zones 20–30 and 16–26 mm, respectively. Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of compounds identified in extracts suggest a great potential for Satureja kitaibelii application as valuable food ingredient.


S. Kitaibelii Ethanol extracts LC-PDA-MS analysis Antioxidant activity Natural antioxidants 







Liquid chromatography – mass spectrometry


Rosmarinic acid


Electron spray ionization


Photo diode array detector


Ultra violet


Retention time


Total phenolic content


Total flavonoid content


Total antioxidant capacity


Gallic acid


Ascorbic acid


Ferric ion reducing antioxidant power



This work was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia (Grants No.175056, 173029, ON 173021 and III43004).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Studies

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

Supplementary material

11130_2019_716_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (74 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 73 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry Faculty of MedicineUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden Jevremovac, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Department for Pharmacognosy, Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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