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Preservation of entanglement and quantum correlations next to periodic plasmonic nanostructures

  • Natalia Domenikou
  • Nikos Iliopoulos
  • Andreas F. Terzis
  • Vassilios Yannopapas
  • Emmanuel PaspalakisEmail author
Article
  • 81 Downloads

Abstract

We study quantum correlations dynamics of two identical V-type quantum systems initially prepared in an extended Werner-like state, where each one independently interacts with a plasmonic nanostructure. Each V-type system can be decomposed as a two-level system with an additional third external level acting as an “umbrella level.” As the plasmonic nanostructure, we use a two-dimensional array of metal-coated dielectric nanoparticles. For the calculations, we combine quantum dynamics calculations using the density matrix equations and classical electromagnetic calculations. In order to describe the entanglement, we use the measure of entanglement of formation, while we use quantum discord to describe the total quantum correlations of our composite system. We find that the presence of the plasmonic nanostructure leads to high suppression of spontaneous emission rates along with a high degree of quantum interference. These phenomena affect the evolution of both entanglement and quantum discord, while they significantly prolong their dynamics.

Keywords

Quantum correlations Quantum discord Entanglement of formation V-type quantum system Periodic plasmonic nanostructure Quantum interference 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Domenikou
    • 1
  • Nikos Iliopoulos
    • 1
  • Andreas F. Terzis
    • 2
  • Vassilios Yannopapas
    • 3
  • Emmanuel Paspalakis
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Materials Science Department, School of Natural SciencesUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece
  2. 2.Department of Physics, School of Natural SciencesUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

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