New quantum key agreement protocols based on cluster states

  • Yu-Guang YangEmail author
  • Bo-Ran Li
  • Shuang-Yong Kang
  • Xiu-Bo Chen
  • Yi-Hua Zhou
  • Wei-Min Shi


A new two-party quantum key agreement (QKA) protocol is proposed based on four-qubit cluster states. Encoded four-qubit cluster states can be transmitted directly by means of order rearrangement operation. In contrast to existing QKA protocols based on four-qubit cluster states, it is unnecessary to perform two-way quantum communication. We analyze the security of this protocol and prove that it is secure in ideal conditions. We also propose the method to ensure the security of this protocol in noisy channel. Finally, we analyze the expansibility of the proposed QKA protocol and propose a three-party QKA protocol based on four-qubit cluster states.


Quantum cryptography Quantum key agreement Cluster state 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61572053); Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 4182006); the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61671087, U1636106, 61602019, 61571226, 61701229, 61702367); Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. BK20170802); and Jiangsu Postdoctoral Science Foundation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-Guang Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bo-Ran Li
    • 1
  • Shuang-Yong Kang
    • 2
  • Xiu-Bo Chen
    • 3
  • Yi-Hua Zhou
    • 1
  • Wei-Min Shi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Information TechnologyBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Information Applied TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.Information Security Center, State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching TechnologyBeijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsBeijingChina

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