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Pilot Study of a Video-Based Educational Program to Reduce Family Violence for Parents of Adult Children with Schizophrenia

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Abstract

This pilot study evaluated a video-based educational program for improving communication skills and reducing family violence between parents and their adult children with schizophrenia. We used a one group pretest-posttest design. The program included a main 90-min video and six stories, each 20–30 min long. We made assessments at baseline and program completion (three months after baseline). Sixty-six parent participants completed the intervention. The average frequency of acts of family violence significantly decreased from 11.4 (SD = 26.2) at pretest to 5.1 (SD = 13.2) at posttest (p = 0.016). Our findings showed significant improvements regarding expressed emotion, psychological distress, family empowerment, and hope, demonstrating preliminary positive results for this video-based educational program. The program was shown to be feasible for support/educational groups of family members of adults with mental disorders to deliver and may also be useful for practitioner-led educational groups for families in public health centers or medical settings to offer.

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Acknowledgments

We wish to thank all research participants for their time and care in participating to our research project. All authors designed the research project. MK and KY conducted intervention program. All authors approved the final draft.

Funding

Masako Kageyama has received financial support for the research from the Mitsubishi Foundation, 2017–2019 (No.29311) for the research. For the remaining author none were declared.

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Correspondence to Masako Kageyama.

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The authors declare that they haves no conflicts of interest.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Kageyama, M., Yokoyama, K., Horiai, Y. et al. Pilot Study of a Video-Based Educational Program to Reduce Family Violence for Parents of Adult Children with Schizophrenia. Psychiatr Q (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09717-6

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Keywords

  • Family caregivers
  • Family intervention
  • Family violence
  • Schizophrenia
  • Japan