Prevention Science

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 959–969 | Cite as

The Funding, Administrative, and Policy Influences on the Evaluation of Primary Prevention Programs in Australia

  • J. SchwarzmanEmail author
  • A. Bauman
  • B. J. Gabbe
  • C. Rissel
  • T. Shilton
  • B. J. Smith


Evaluation of primary prevention and health promotion programs contributes necessary information to the evidence base for prevention programs. There is increasing demand for high-quality evaluation of program impact and effectiveness for use in public health decision making. Despite the demand for evidence and known benefits, evaluation of prevention programs can be challenging and organizations face barriers to conducting rigorous evaluation. Evaluation capacity building efforts are gaining attention in the prevention field; however, there is limited knowledge about how components of the health promotion and primary prevention system (e.g., funding, administrative arrangements, and the policy environment) may facilitate or hinder this work. We sought to identify the important influences on evaluation practice within the Australian primary prevention and health promotion system. We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with experienced practitioners and managers (n = 40) from government and non-government organizations, and used thematic analysis to identify the main factors that impact on prevention program evaluation. Firstly, accountability and reporting requirements impacted on evaluation, especially if expectations were poorly aligned between the funding body and prevention organization. Secondly, the funding and political context was found to directly and indirectly affect the resources available and evaluation approach. Finally, it was found that participants made use of various strategies to modify the prevention system for more favorable conditions for evaluation. We highlight the opportunities to address barriers to evaluation in the prevention system, and argue that through targeted investment, there is potential for widespread gain through improved evaluation capacity.


Evaluation capacity Primary prevention Health promotion Evidence-based public health 



We would like to thank Emily McCluskey for her valuable contribution to participant recruitment and data analysis in this study.


This work was supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC) [DP150103575]. Prof. Gabbe was supported by ARC Future Fellowship [FT170100048] during the preparation of this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

11121_2019_997_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 15 kb)


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Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Health and Preventive MedicineMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public HealthThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Farr InstituteSwansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Singleton ParkSwanseaUK
  4. 4.National Heart Foundation Western AustraliaSubiacoAustralia

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