Photonic Network Communications

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 289–297 | Cite as

Theoretical analysis of self-phase modulation effect on different parameters in optical transmission system

  • Saurabh Kumar PandeyEmail author
  • Sonveer Yadav
Original Paper


In this paper, we have described the improvement in performance parameters such as quality factor, bit error rate, threshold, eye height and mitigation of self-phase modulation effect on power spectrum at 10 Gbps optical transmission system. We have also analyzed the power content with and without SPM effect with the help of power meter at receiver side. Numerical simulation shows record quality factor of 3.47 from reflected output. We have investigated the different parameters by optimizing OSNR, extinction ratio, pulse mode dispersion coefficient, extinction ratio, optical dispersion, wavelength and dark current with the help of eye diagrams and different optimized OSNR values. This study demonstrates the possibility of increasing the transmission reaching from 3500 to more than 6000 km at 10 Gbps using 100- and 120-km spans for a long-distance transmission.


Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) Optical communication Optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) Self-phase modulation (SPM) 



  1. 1.
    Toulouse, J.: Optical nonlinearities in fibers: review, recent examples and systems applications. J. Light Wave Technol. 23, 3625–3641 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ajmani, M., Singh, P.: FWM in WDM system, effects and techniques to minimize: a review. In: Fifth International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Technologies, pp. 385–389 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Majumder, S.P., Abbou, E.M., Sarker, B.C.: Analytical evaluation of the effect of self-phase modulation on coherent optical CPFSK system. In: International Conference MILCOM, vol. 2, pp. 897–901 (2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cuenot, B., Ellis, A.D., Richardson, D.J.: Optical regeneration using self-phase modulation and quasi-continuous filtering. IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1350–1352 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Islam, MdS, Dewanjee, A., Monjur, M.S., Majumder, S.P.: Spectral analysis of cross-phase and self-phase modulation for different compensation techniques. Int. Conf. Comput. Electr. Eng. 1, 407–411 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pietralunga, S.M., Martelli, P., Ferrario, M., Martinelli, M.: Measurement of self-phase modulation of amplified spontaneous emission: the role of second-order degree of coherence in determining the Kerr effect. IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1179–1181 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nguyen, T.N., Chartier, T., Bramerie, L., Gay, M., Le, Q.T., Lobo, S., Joindot, M., Simon, J.C.: Efficiency of using a self-phase-modulation based pulse compressor in Mamyshev regenerator for 42.6 Gbit/s RZ-33. In: International Conference on Opto-Electronics and Communication, pp. 9–10 (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Silveira, T., Ferreira1, A., Teixeira, A., Monteiro, P.: All optical conversion to vestigial sideband through self-phase modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier. In: International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, pp. 1–4 (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yadav, S., Rana, D.R., Pandey, S.K.: Quality factor improvement of self-phase modulation induced optical transmission system. In: 2016 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP), pp. 477–480 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kashyap, K., Singh, H., Singh, P., Gupta, C.: Effect of self phase modulation on optical fiber. Am. Int. J. Res. Sci. Technol. Eng. Math. 2, 160–164 (2013)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sen, D., Wymeersch, H., Irukulapat, N.V., Agrel, E., Karlsson, M., Andrekson, P.A.: MCRB for timing and phase offset for low-rate optical communication with self-phase modulation. IEEE Commun. Lett. 17, 1004–1007 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Majumder, S.P., Abbou, F.M., Sarker, B.C.: Analytical evaluation of the effect of self-phase modulation on coherent optical CPFSK system. In: MILCOM 2000, pp. 897–901 (2000)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    OptiSystem manual,
  14. 14.
    Selvendran, S., Sivanantharaja, A., Esakkimuthu, K.: Investigation on the influence of Duobinary and CSRZ modulation formats on self phase modulation effect in optical communication network. Int. J. Sci. Res. Phys. Appl. Sci. 6, 17–22 (2018)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bramerie, L., Le, Q.T., Gay, M., O’Hare, A., Lobo, S., Joindot, M.: All-optical 2R regeneration with a vertical microcavity-based saturable absorber. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 870–882 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sensors and Optoelectronics Research Group, Electrical Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology PatnaPatnaIndia
  2. 2.Electronics and Communication Engineering DepartmentNational Institute of Technology HamirpurHamirpurIndia

Personalised recommendations