Advertisement

Performance evaluation of newly constructed NZCC for SAC-OCDMA using direct detection technique

  • Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar
  • Himali Sarangal
  • Simrandeep Singh Thapar
Original Paper
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Recently, a new code structure, zero cross-correlation (ZCC) using anti-diagonal type-identity-column block matrices for spectral amplitude coding-optical code division multiple access (SAC-OCDMA) system, was proposed by K.S. Nisar. The new ZCC code (NZCC) is available for each natural number and has satisfactory code lengths. An effective OCDMA system must have efficient address codes to encode the source with almost zero correlation properties. ZCC eliminates phase-induced intensity noise that consequently improves the bit error rate. In this paper, performance analysis of the NZCC code employing SAC-OCDMA using the direct detection scheme is simulated and compared the efficiency with the other existing codes. The results show that for shorter ranges more number of users accommodated with high data rate by using NZCC code.

Keywords

Zero cross-correlation (ZCC) code Spectral amplitude coding-optical code division multiple access (SAC-OCDMA) Phase-induced intensity noise (PIIN) 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their deep gratitude for the reviewer’s critical and helpful comments to improve this paper as in the present form.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None.

References

  1. 1.
    Agarwal, G.P.: Introduction, ch. 1. Fiber Optic Communication Systems, 3rd edn, pp. 15–19. Wiley, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Karafolas, Nikos: Optical fiber code division multiple access networks: a review. Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 149–168 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sarangal, H., Singh, A., Malhotra, J.: Construction and analysis of a novel SAC-OCDMA system with EDW coding using direct detection technique. J. Opt. Commun. (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2017-0061 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nisar, K.S., Sarangal, H., Thapar, S.S., Qutubuddin, M., Rehmath, M.: Performance analysis of permutation matrix zero cross correlation code for SAC-OCDMA systems. EJERS Eur. J. Eng. Res. Sci. 3(1), 15–19 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rashidi, C.B.M., Aljunid, S.A., Ghani, F., Fadhil, H.A., Anuar, M.S.: New design of flexible cross correlation (FCC) code for SAC-OCDMA system. Procedia Eng. 53, 420–427 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Aljunid, S.A., Zan, Z., Anas, S.B.A., Abdullah, M.K.: A new code for optical code division multiple access systems. Malays. J. Comput. Sci. 17(2), 30–39 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Abd, T.H., Aljunid, S.A., Fadhil, H.A., Ahmad, R.B.: A new algorithm for development of dynamic cyclic shift code for spectral amplitude coding optical code division multiple access systems. Fiber Integr. Opt. 31(6), 397–416 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tseng, S.P., Wu, J.: A new code family suitable for high-rate SAC OCDMA PONs applications. IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 827–837 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fadhil, H.A., Aljunid, S.A., Ahmed, R.B.: Random diagonal codes for spectral amplitude coding optical CDMA systems using fiber bragg-grating. In: International Symposium on Information Technology, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 1–5 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yin, H., Richardson, D.J.: Optical Code Division Multiple Access Communication Networks. Theory and Applications. Springer, Berlin (2009).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-68468-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wei, Z., Shalaby, H.M.H., Ghafouri-Shiraz, H.: Modified quadratic congruence codes for fiber bragg-grating-based spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA systems. J. Lightwave Technol. 19(9), 1274–1281 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Aljunid, S.A., Ismail, M., Ramli, A.R., Ali, B.M., Abdullah, M.K.: A new family of optical code sequences for spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA systems. IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2383–2385 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Aljunid, S.A., Samad, M.D.A., Othman, M., Hisham, M.H., Kasiman, A.H., Abdullah, M.K.: Development of modified double-weight code and its implementation. In: IEEE International Conference, pp. 288–192 (2015)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dayang, H.K., Aljunid, S.A.: Optical code division multiple access (OCDMA) using double weight (DW) codes for local area network. In: International Conference Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE 2010), 11–13 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Djebbari, A., Garadi, A., Dayoub, I., Taleb-Ahmed, A.: A new code construction with zero cross correlation based on BIBD. Optik 124, 3419–3421 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Anuar, M.S., Aljunid, S.A., Saad, N.M., Andonovic, I.: Performance analysis of optical zero cross correlation in OCDMA system. J. Appl. Sci. 7(23), 3819–3822 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gong, X., Guo, L., Dong, Y., Deng, M., Giddings, R.P.: SPM-improved transmission performance of software-reconfigurable IMDD PONs based on digital orthogonal filtering. J. Lightwave Technol. 35(20), 4488–4496 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ahmed, M.S., Glesk, I.: Mitigation of temperature-induced dispersion in optical fiber on OCDMA auto-correlation. IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(22), 1979–1982 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shi, F., Ghafouri-Shiraz, H.: Performance analysis of two new code families for spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA systems. J. Lightwave Technol. 34(17), 4005–4014 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hou, W., Ning, Z., Guo, L., Zhang, X.: Temporal, functional and spatial big data computing framework for large-scale smart grid. IEEE Trans. Emerg. Top. Comput. (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1109/tetc.2017.2681113 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hou, W., Ning, Z., Guo, L.: Green survivable collaborative edge computing in smart cities. IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 14(4), 1594–1605 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2018.2797922 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hou, W., Zhang, R., Qi, W., Lu, K., Wang, J., Guo, L.: A provident resource defragmentation framework for mobile cloud computing. IEEE Trans. Emerg. Top. Comput. 6(1), 32–44 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1109/TETC.2015.2477778 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nisar, K.S.: Construction of zero cross correlation code using a type of anti-diagonal-identity-column block matrices. Optik 125, 6586–6588 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Abd, T.H., Aljunid, S.A., Fadhil, H.A., Ahmad, R.A., Saad, N.M.: Development of a new code family based on SAC-OCDMA system with large cardinality for OCDMA network. Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 273–280 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics, College of Arts and Science-Wadi Al-dawaserPrince Sattam bin Abdulaziz UniversityAl-KharjKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of ECEGNDU RC JalandharJalandharIndia
  3. 3.Department of Computer ApplicationsACET AmritsarAmritsarIndia

Personalised recommendations