Photonic Network Communications

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 309–315 | Cite as

On the performance of blue–green waves propagation through underwater optical wireless communication system

  • Abbas Alipour
  • Ali MirEmail author
Original Paper


The present study proposed a high-data-rate underwater optical wireless communication (UOWC) system to propagate the laser blue–green waves through water. The presented study not only focuses on analysis of challenges in UOWC link including attenuation, absorption, scattering and turbulence model, but also investigates the performance of the proposed system using two different methods of balanced modulation schemes. Spectrum efficiency of the system can be improved by using appropriate modulation formats. Return-to-zero differential phase shift keying (RZ-DPSK) and non-return-to-zero differential phase shift keying (NRZ-DPSK) schemes are two modulation formats that we investigate them to improve the characteristics of the proposed UOWC system. The paper explains a real model and exhaustive analysis for advanced UOWC works by using channel model and modulation formats for presented underwater link. Performance of the proposed system under different modulation schemes and physical aspects of UOWC is studied with several parameters like max quality factor, min bit error rate (BER) and eye diagram. For clear ocean, the performance of the proposed system is good and min BER less than 10−90 for two modulation formats. Generally, results at different condition show that the operation of NRZ-DPSK modulation has better performance than RZ-DPSK scheme.


UOWC Scattering Spectrum efficiency NRZ-DPSK BER 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical Engineering DepartmentLorestan UniversityKhorramabadIran

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