Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 58, Issue 3–4, pp 163–169 | Cite as

Development of Mg-Alloy by Powder Metallurgy Method and Its Characterization

  • Neeraj Sharma
  • Gurpreet Singh
  • Pardeep Sharma
  • Amit SinglaEmail author

In the present research work, an attempt has been made to make Mg-alloy specimen by powder metallurgy. Due to sensitivity of the material, a proper selection of sintering atmosphere has been made. Mg powder along with other powders has been blended with a high energy ball mill. In this work, the effect of input parameters, such as compaction pressure, sintering temperature and sintering time was investigated on porosity, microhardness and dimensional change. The compaction pressure and sintering temperature play a significant role in the porosity and microhardness. Increasing the compaction pressure plays a positive role in the microhardness. The maximum value of the porosity in the present work was up to 37.41%. The dimensional expansion after sintering varies from 2 to 4.3%. The results of the porosity and microhardness were verified by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction.


dimensional change Mg-alloy microhardness porosity powder metallurgy 


  1. 1.
    N. Li and Y. Zheng, “Novel magnesium alloys developed for biomedical application: A Review,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 29, No. 6, 489–502 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Wolff, T. Ebel, and M. Dahms, “Sintering of magnesium,” Adv. Eng. Mater., 12, No. 9, 829–836 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y.F. Zhao, J.J. Si, J.G. Song, and X.D. Hui, “High strength Mg–Zn–Ca alloys prepared by atomization and hot pressing process,” Mater. Lett., 118, 55–58 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Klanik, M. Zdovc, U. Kovsca, B. Prasek, J. Kovac, and J. Rozman, “Osseointegration and rejection of a titanium screw,” Mater. Technol., 44, No. 5, 261–264 (2010).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Kumar, R.S. Gill, and U. Batra, “Challenges and opportunities for biodegradable magnesium alloy implants,” Mater. Technol., 33, No. 2, 153–172 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Peron, J. Torgersen, and F. Berto, “Mg and its alloys for biomedical applications: exploring corrosion and its interplay with mechanical failure,” Metals, 7, No. 7, 252 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    X.N. Gu and Y.F. Zheng, “A review on magnesium alloys as biodegradable materials,” Front. Mater. Sci. China, 4, No. 2, 111–115 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Kilic, D. Ozyurek, and T. Tuncay, “Dry sliding wear behaviour and microstructure of the W–Ni–Fe and W–Ni–Cu heavy alloys produced by powder metallurgy technique,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 55, Nos. 1–2, 54–63 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    I. Gunes, T. Uygunoglu, and M. Erdogan, “Effect of sintering duration on some properties of pure magnesium,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 54, Nos. 3–4, 156–165 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.W. Hennessey, W.F. Caley, G.J. Kipouros, and D.P. Bishop, “Development of Al-Si-Base P/M alloys,” Int. J. Powder Metall., 41, No. 1, 50–63 (2005).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    G.J. Kipouros, W.F. Caley, and D.P. Bishop, “On the advantages of using powder metallurgy in new light metal alloy design,” Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 37, No. 12, 3429–3436 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. Sharma, T. Raj, and K.K. Jangra, “Microstructural evaluation of Ni Ti-powder, steatite, and steel balls after different milling conditions,” Mater. Manuf. Process., 31, No. 5, 628–632 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. Sharma, K.K. Jangra, and T. Raj, “Fabrication of NiTi alloy: A review,” P. I. Mech. Eng. L- J. Mat., 232, No. 3, 250–269 (2018).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    N. Sharma, T. Raj, and K. Kumar, “Physical and tribological characteristics of porous NiTi SMA fabricated by powder metallurgy,” Particul. Sci. Technol., 35, No. 5, 541–546 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    N. Sharma and K. Kumar, “Mechanical characteristics and bioactivity of porous Ni50–xTi50Cux (x = 0, 5 and 10) prepared by P/M,” Mater. Sci. Techn., 34, No. 8, 934–944 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G.K. Williamson and W.H. Hall, “X-ray line broadening from filed aluminium and wolfram,” Acta Metall., 1, No. 1, 22-31 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neeraj Sharma
    • 1
    • 5
  • Gurpreet Singh
    • 2
  • Pardeep Sharma
    • 3
  • Amit Singla
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Departament of Mechanical EngineeringMaharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University)MullanaIndia
  2. 2.Amity Institute of TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia
  3. 3.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentPanipat Institute of Engineering and TechnologyPanipatIndia
  4. 4.Departament of Mechanical EngineeringR.P. Inderaprastha Institute of TechnologyKarnalIndia
  5. 5.Departament of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering TechnologyUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgRepublic of South Africa

Personalised recommendations